USAID: Iraq Reconstruction and Humanitarian Relief Weekly Update #40 (FY 2005)


USAID’s program to improve basic education in Iraq awards grants to Iraqi contractors to support the construction of model schools and to rehabilitate school and education training centers.



By October 2003, rehabilitated electric power capacity to produce peak capacity greater than the pre-war level of 4,400 MW. Production reached 5,365 MW on August 2004 and reached 5,389 MW in July 2005.

Since achieving record power production in summer ‘04, the Ministry of Electricity -- with assistance from USAID -- initiated the standard fall maintenance process which reduced the amount of power available for consumption. USAID worked with the MOE to conduct last fall’s maintenance program.

Repairing thermal units, replacing turbines, rehabilitating the power distribution network, and installing and restoring generators.

USAID has added 1,086 MW of capacity through maintenance and rehabilitation work, and also repaired a 400 kV transmission line.

USAID and the Ministry of Electricity are working with partners to place an additional 540 MW in the national grid by December 2005 through maintenance, rehabilitation, and new generation projects.

USAID completed a project to convert two units that produce 80 MW each to operate on crude/heavy fuel oil instead of diesel which is in short supply.

USAID initiated a project to rehabilitate 13 existing substations and construct 24 new substations in Baghdad. These 37 substations will improve the distribution and reliability of electricity for more than two million Baghdad residents. USAID recently handed over work on 12 of these substations to the Ministry of Electricity.

USAID’s goals include the emergency repair or rehabilitation of power generation facilities and electrical grids. Teams of engineers from the Ministry of Electricity, USAID and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have been working since May 2003 to restore the capacity of Iraq’s power system.


USAID partners rehabilitating Baghdad’s electricity distribution substations have completed the necessary work to energize six of eight high priority substations in the Karkh and Ru-safa Districts. The goal was to finish work at the targeted sites in order to meet the higher power demands during the summer months. The re maining two sites will energize once the Ministry of Electricity (MoE) installs the 33kV and 11kV feeders.

USAID has provided equipment for 37 sites altogether. Of these, USAID and its partners are working at 25 sites, while the Ministry of Electricity (MOE) is working at 12. Some of the new facilities will replace existing substations while others are new substations that will expand the distribution network. Four mobile substations are being provided to support substation loads while the stations are rehabilitated. Typical substation components to be rehabilitated or installed are transformers, switchgear, battery back-up systems, and remote terminal units. Additionally, operations and maintenance training will be provided for MOE staff. This project is expected to be finished by December 2005.

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