Iraq

UNICEF Iraq Monthly Humanitarian Situation Report, June 2018

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

Highlights

• In 2018, UNICEF supported nearly 695,000 IDPs (326,500 children) with access to safe water in 174 formal and informal camps, collective centres, and noncamp locations in twelve out of Iraq’s 18 governorates.

• Between January and June 2018, UNICEF and partners provided psychosocial support services (PSS) to 96,054 children (46,088 girls). A total of 4,390 IDP children (1,945 girls) accessed specialised protection assistance including case management, legal assistance, and family tracing services.

• In 2018, 5,917 individuals (3,357 women, 2,468 girls, and 92 boys) who have experienced, or who have been found at risk of, Gender-Based Violence (GBV) accessed case management and PSS through UNICEF partners in eight governorates.

• Over 1.55 million children under five were vaccinated against polio in a joint campaign in late April, of which 421,060 children were in UNICEF’s priority governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Ninewa, and Salah al Din.

• In 2018, UNICEF called for investment in social services, particularly health and education launching Committing to Change: Securing the Future, a joint report with UN Habitat advocating for the potential of Iraq’s young people.

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

4 million children in need out of 8.7 million people affected (OCHA, HRP 2018)

2 million internally displaced people (IDP)
3.9 million people returned to newlyaccessible areas (IOM, Displacement Tracking Matrix, 30 June 2018)

Target population in 2018

Rapid Response: 1,030,000 IDPs
WASH: 1.3 million people
Education: 450,000 children
Health: 1.2 million children (polio)
Child Protection: 186,300 children and caregivers

UNICEF Appeal 2018 US$ 101.2 million
Funding Status* US $ 66.6 million

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Although armed conflict has decreased in Iraq since the end of 2017, in the first half of 2018 protection concerns for children and families remain high, and there is continued need for humanitarian services in camps, host communities and areas of return. Despite overall improvements in security, parts of the country including Hawiga (Kirkuk) have continued to see armed violence, and population movements have continued in the first half of 2018. Although smaller-scale new displacements have occurred, movement has been largely caused by families who, after returning to their place of origin, experienced violence or inter-communal tension, fear of retaliation due to perceived affiliation with Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), or who have found there is no access livelihoods or basic services in the area of return. Faced with these conditions, some families have decided to leave their place of origin again, and go back to their displacement location. Some families reported waiting until the end of the academic year in June before considering return, in order to minimise disruption to children’s education. In recent surveys of the remaining displaced population, only 30 per cent indicated an intention to return to their place of origin before the end of 2018. Moreover, 22 per cent reported wanting to integrate locally in their place of displacement, and 15 per cent indicated wanting to integrate because they had no other viable options. The greatest need expressed by returnees was access to livelihood opportunities, followed by solutions for displacement-related rights violations, and improved safety, security and freedom of movement. 1 The multiple factors influencing families’ decisions to return or remain have presented a complex context for humanitarian partners’ planning for continuation of services. As of June 2018, over 3.9 million people, including 2 million children, have returned to their homes, while just over 2 million people (1 million children) remain displaced. Of these, 588,000 internally displaced people (IDP) (around 276,360 children) are in camps and 1.4 million (658,000 children) remain in non-camp locations, including nearly 188,400 in critical shelter (informal settlements or municipal buildings such as schools). 2 Between January and June 2018, the number of IDPs has decreased by 613,000 individuals; the highest returns have been to Ninewa governorate, with 1.4 million people mainly arriving in Mosul, Tel Afar, and Hamdaniya districts, followed by Anbar with 1.2 million returnees (mainly to Fallujah and Ramadi districts), and Salah al-Din, with over 543,000 returnees.

Internal tension between the federal Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) continued until late March 2018, in the wake of the September 2017 referendum on the Kurdistan Region of Iraq’s (KRI) independence; the closure of air and land borders to the KRI caused challenges for movement of humanitarian supplies and staff. Further uncertainty after the parliamentary elections in May continued into June, with complaints of irregularities in polling stations. On 5 June, Iraq’s Supreme Judicial Council announced its intention to form a new oversight committee to manage the Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC)’s vote recount process. On 10 June in Baghdad, a fire destroyed a Commerce Ministry warehouse used to store ballot papers, although the number of ballots affected is unknown. The term of Iraq’s current parliament expired on 30 June 2018. The proposed recount of votes from areas with high numbers of complaints is due to start in July; at the same time, high-level negotiations continue among political groups, aiming to form an inclusive national government.