1-Summary on The Return movement:
Since the beginning of 2011, the number of the registered returnees with the Ministry of Displacement and Migraion (MoDM) increased dramaically compared to the same period in 2010. Starting in April 2011 onward, the number was steadily increasing, reaching a peak in August of 2011 but taking a downward trend afterwards although it still remained relatively high throughout 2012.This increase could be attributed to diﬀerent reasons, including but not limited to:
• The increase in the ﬁnancial assistance from 1million Iraqi dinars to 4 million dinars granted by the Government;
• The relative improvement in security and services in Baghdad, Diyala and Ninewa which where conﬂict areas during the peak of sectarian violence in 2006 and 2007.
28,230 Iraqis were registered as returnees from Syria in 2011 while the total number of returnees for 2010 and 2009 combined was 29,135, the number increased through 2012 and 23,730 were registered between January and June 2012. Also, since July 2012, 37,330 Returnees from Syria were registered according to UNHCR/ MoDM-recorded statistics. Since January 2011, 25,390 Iraqis were registered as returnees from Iran while only 11,905 returned in 2010 and 2009 combined.
For IDP returnees across Iraq, the return rate remained higher than that of refugees (71% IDP returnees compared to 29% refugee returnees for the last 12 months). Baghdad was the main governorate of return for the IDPs with 76 % recorded for the last 12 months followed by Diyala with 18%. No noticeable IDP return was recorded in other governorates such as KRG governorates (Erbil, Sulaimnaya and Dohuk), Najaf, Qadissyah, Kerbala, Thi Qar and Muthanna. Baghdad also saw the highest number of refugee return with 49% recorded in the last 12 months, followed by Anbar with 12%.