Iraq

Situation report on diarrhoea and cholera in Iraq, 15 Oct 2008

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Situation Report
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1. Current Status

- The recent report of Iraq Ministry of Health indicates that 479 laboratory-confirmed Cholera cases have been detected and registered in Iraq, up to 15 October 2008.

- 52% of the cases are found in children below 5 years of age.

- There have been 8 deaths (6 males and 2 females). 2.5% of the deaths have been in children.

- Epidemiological findings have clearly indicated that contaminated water is the most probable source of the outbreak.

- 461 cases have been identified as Inaba and 1 case as Ogawa serotypes. We are still waiting for the serotype of the new 17 cases.

2. Summary

- Table (1) Suspect, confirmed cholera cases, death and dates of the first, most recent reported case by province, Iraq, 17 new cases were reported in last 24 hours

Province
No. districts
affected
Date first
case
Date most
recent case
Deaths
Under
investigation
Laboratory
confirmed
Diala
1
09-09-08
09-09-08
1
Wasit
1
30-09-08
30-09-08
1
Erbil
1
14-10-08
14-10-08
2
Muthana
1
14-10-08
14-10-08
2
Missan
1
07-08-08
28-08-08
1
6
3
Anbar
2
07-09-08
01-10-08
8
Najaf
1
17-09-08
15-10-08
1
9
Kerbala
3
05-09-08
15-10-08
6
39
Basra
5
14-09-08
06-10-08
1
50
Diwanyia
4
20-09-08
08-10-08
2
61
Baghdad
8
18-08-08
9-10-08
1
10
73
Babil
4
28-08-08
06-10-08
3
35
230
Total
30
07-08-08
9-10-08
8
58
479

- 4 cases were discovered through the routine testing of negative samples sent for laboratory quality control, 2 of them were from Erbil in northern Iraq and the other 2 were from Muthana in southern Iraq.

- Another 13 new cases were isolates referred as positive from province laboratories (Diwanyia 7, Basra 1 and Kerbala 5) and confirmed as positive in Baghdad.