Iraq

Report on Human Rights in Iraq: January - June 2013

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This report, covering the period from 1 January to 30 June 2013, is published by the Human Rights Office of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) in cooperation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).

The number of civilians killed and injured during the first six months of 2013 significantly increased from 2012, as terrorist and armed groups stepped up their campaign of attacks directly against the civilian population. Official figures from the Government of Iraq are that 2859 civilians were killed and 9568 were injured during the first six months of 2013. UNAMI figures for the same period are 3,209 civilians killed and 7801 injured, representing an increase of 120 per cent compared to the first six months of 2012, when 1346 civilians were killed and 3660 were injured, and are roughly equivalent to the entire civilian casualty toll for 2012, when 3228 were killed and 7085 were injured. This number includes 60 children killed and 220 injured. The governorate council elections held in April were also a focus of violence: 17 candidates, including two females, were killed. Polling stations were also targeted, resulting in 11 civilians killed and 90 injured. Improvised explosive devices (IEDs), vehicle-borne IEDs (VBIEDs) and suicide bombers continued to kill and injure the largest number of civilians.

Based on these figures and current trends, UNAMI fears that the overall number of civilian casualties for 2013 may be on par with, or exceed those of 2008.