Rapid Assessment on Returns and Durable Solutions, Jalula Sub-district - Khanaqin District - Diyala Governorate, Iraq, October 2021


Situation Overview

In 2021, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) returning to their area of origin (AoO) or being re-displaced increased, coupled with persisting challenges in relation to social cohesion, lack of services, infrastructure and - in some cases - security in AoOs. Increased returns and secondary displacement were driven primarily by the closure and consolidation of IDP camps. As of October 2021, 16 formal camps and informal sites have been closed or reclassified as informal sites since camp closures started in mid-October 2020. For the camps that remain open across Iraq, there is an ongoing planning procedure to determine their future. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)’s returnee master list recorded over 4.5 million individuals returning to their AoOs across the country, as of September 2021.

There were no additional camp closures between January and October 2021, however IDPs continued returning or secondarily displacing. In light of these dynamics, the need to better understand the sustainability of returns, conditions for the (re) integration of IDPs and returnees, and the impact of their presence on access to services and social cohesion has been identified in the context of humanitarian and development planning.

Jalula Sub-district

Jalula is a sub-district of Khanaqin District, in Diyala Governorate. The sub-district faced an on-going conflict in Diyala as a primary location of the armed conflict involving the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Iraqi armed forces and its allies throughout 2014. Between August and November 2014, the sub-district was mostly under the control of ISIL. In late November 2014, Iraqi army forces and their allies liberated the sub-district.6 According to an IOM Integrated Location Assessment (ILA) Round VI, as of July and August 2021, households residing in the assessed villages in Jalula (36 out of 52 assessed villages) were still somewhat concerned about possible ISIL operations in the area.