Iraq

NCC-led religious leaders mission to Iraq concludes

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January 3, 2002, NEW YORK CITY -- A 13-member religious leaders' mission to Iraq returns to the United States today (January 3) after witnessing the 20-year legacy of suffering of Iraqi civilians -- especially children -- and burdened with the knowledge that war would further deepen that suffering.
Terming preemptive war immoral, illegal and theologically illegitimate, the group contends that a war against Iraq would result in widespread suffering and death for innocent people and would make the U.S. less secure, not more secure.

"Ours is a religious and not a political delegation," emphasized Dr. Bob Edgar at a closing news conference (5:30 p.m. today, Iraq time). "We came as humanitarian inspectors, not weapons inspectors." The group's four-day itinerary included visits to schools, hospitals, churches, mosques and humanitarian aid agencies.

Dr. Edgar, General Secretary of the National Council of Churches (U.S.A.) and a United Methodist minister, led the delegation, which included other clergy and lay leaders from the United Methodist Church, United Church of Christ, Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), The Episcopal Church and Unitarian Universalist Association along with an Iraq expert from Georgetown University.

The group was hosted by the Rev. Dr. Riad Jarjour, Middle East Council of Churches General Secretary. It arrived in Baghdad close to midnight Dec. 29 and is to depart early the morning of Jan. 3, landing back in New York City late this afternoon.

"We came to meet with our counterparts in churches and mosques, visit with international aid and UN workers to learn more about the humanitarian situation in Iraq," Dr. Edgar said. "We came to see the faces of the Iraqi people so that the American people can see the faces of children laughing and singing and also hurting and suffering."

While in Iraq, the group went to four houses of worship, including Syrian Orthodox and Chaldean Catholic churches and a mosque. Group members attended a New Year's Eve Mass at a Catholic Church and potluck dinner at a Presbyterian church -- "a potluck that would be intimately familiar to American Christians," Dr. Edgar commented.

Group members visited two hospitals, the Red Crescent Society, UNICEF and a school, and visited holy sites and traditional Babylon. "On the street and in informal settings," they said, "we experienced the spontaneous warmth, hospitality and openness of the Iraqi people."

Delegation members brought along dozens of pictures drawn by American children to share with Iraqi children who, in turn, gave the group messages to take back to children in the United States.

"We visited schools and hospitals and saw for ourselves the devastating impact of 12 years of sanctions on the people of Iraq," Dr. Edgar said. "We touched babies suffering illnesses that can be prevented by proper medication currently unavailable to the people of Iraq. We held the cold hands of children in unheated schools with broken windows and underpaid teachers, nurses, and doctors.

"UNICEF officials shared heartbreaking statistics of malnutrition, disease, and hunger with us. We are concerned by the increasing reliance of Iraqi people on the food basket provided through the 'oil for food' program, a program not intended to be the primary source of nutrition or a balanced diet."

The group also met with Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz and asked "pointed questions" about the human rights situation in Iraq, the opportunities for dissent and criticism of the government, and choices made by the government with the resources available to it. "We want to be clear with the American people and the Iraqi government that we do not support authoritarian governments," the group said.

Dr. Edgar said that upon return to the United States, the delegation intends to advocate with the U.S. government for changes in the "oil for food" program that will allow for humanitarian, educational and medical needs to be better met.

The group also stated its conviction that "war is not inevitable and can be averted, even at this moment. President Bush reiterated, on New Year's Eve, his desire to reach a peaceful conclusion to this crisis and we are grateful for his words."

Further details will be released following the group's return to the United States. A list of participants follows.

Dr. Bob Edgar, General Secretary, National Council of Churches (U.S.A.) and a United Methodist minister; New York City; Dr. Huw Anwyl, Minister, United Church of Christ, Laguna Niguel, Calif.; Rev. Ray Buchanan, President, Stop Hunger Now and United Methodist Minister, Raleigh, N.C.; Rev. John Buehrens, minister former president, the Unitarian Universalist Association, Needham, Mass. Rev. Buehrens also is a special assistant to the secretary general of the World Conference on Religion and Peace.

Also, the Rev. Dr. Robert Evans, Executive Director, Plowshares Institute, Presbyterian Pastor, Simsbury, Conn.; Robin Hoecker, Legislative Assistant, Unitarian Universalist Association, Washington, D.C.; Dr. Victor Makari, General Assembly staff, the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), Louisville, Ky. Don Mosley, co-founder of Jubilee Partners, Comer, Ga.; Ms. Virginia (Ginger) Paul, Episcopal Church, Executive Committee, Shreveport, La.; Dr. Samer Shehata, Assistant Professor of Arab Politics, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.

Also, Bishop Melvin Talbert, Ecumenical Officer, The United Methodist Church, Brentwood, Tenn.; JamesWinkler, General Secretary, General Board of Church and Society, United Methodist Church, Washington, D.C.; Ms. Amy (Kalee) Kreider, Fenton Communications, Washington, D.C. (media liaison).

Press Statement
Sowing the Seeds of Peace

January 3, 2002
New York, New York

Dr. Bob Edgar, General Secretary, National Council of Churches (U.S.A.)

We are a delegation of 13 religious leaders and experts visiting Iraq under the auspices of the National Council of Churches (U.S.A.). Ours is a religious and not a political delegation. We came to see the faces of the Iraqi people so that the American people can see the faces of children laughing and singing and also hurting and suffering. We brought with us dozens of pictures drawn by American children. We shared these pictures with Iraqi children who, in turn, gave us messages to take back to children in the United States.

We are called by God to be peacemakers. War is not inevitable and can be averted, even at this moment. President Bush reiterated, on New Year's Eve, his desire to reach a peaceful conclusion to this crisis and we are grateful for his words.

We came as humanitarian inspectors, not weapons inspectors. We visited schools and hospitals and saw for ourselves the devastating impact of 12 years of sanctions on the people of Iraq. We touched babies suffering illnesses that can be prevented by proper medication currently unavailable to the people of Iraq. We held the cold hands of children in unheated schools with broken windows and underpaid teachers, nurses, and doctors.

UNICEF officials shared heartbreaking statistics of malnutrition, disease, and hunger with us. We are concerned by the increasing reliance of Iraqi people on the food basket provided through the 'oil for food' program, a program not intended to be the primary source of nutrition or a balanced diet. We intend to advocate to our government for changes in the 'oil for food' program that will allow for humanitarian, educational, and medical needs to be better met. We understand the cruelty embedded in the 'oil for food program' as it affects ordinary Iraqis.

We worshiped with Iraqi Christians and in the presence of Muslims; and, we prayed with both. This is the birthplace of Abraham, the father of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We acknowledged and celebrated our oneness in God. We attended a New Year's Eve Mass at a Catholic Church and a potluck dinner at a Presbyterian Church-a potluck that would be intimately familiar to American Christians. On the street and in informal settings we experienced the spontaneous warmth, hospitality and openness of the Iraqi people. We feel privileged and honored by these human relationships

We asked pointed questions of Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz regarding the human rights situation in Iraq, the opportunities for dissent and criticism of the government, and choices made by the government with the resources available to it. We want to be clear with the American people and the Iraqi government that we do not support authoritarian governments.

We came with 'what?' questions-'what's going on?' 'what can we discover?' but we were met with 'why?' questions-'why us?' 'why now?' We have concluded that we are opposed to this war because:

  • a war against Iraq will make the U.S. less secure, not more secure. All wars have unintended consequences. We believe the entire region, including Israel and the United States; will be at greater risk of terrorism if war takes place.

  • widespread suffering and death will result for innocent people. So-called 'smart bombs' do dumb things like missing their targets and destroying homes, water and sewage treatment plants, schools, churches, and mosques.

  • preemptive war is immoral and illegal. It is theologically illegitimate and profoundly violates our Christian beliefs and religious principles. As disciples of Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace, we know this war is completely antithetical to his teachings. Jesus Christ taught peace, justice, hope and reconciliation and rejected revenge, war, death, and violence.
When we return to the United States:

1. We pledge support for the "All Our Children" campaign, a project of the Church World Service and other partners.

2. We will continue to build constructive, positive relationships between our nations and peoples through our ecumenical and interfaith relationships.

3. We will meet with U.S. administration and Congressional leaders to urge them to turn away from war. We will ask U.S. government and military leaders to take the time to learn the names and faces of average, ordinary Iraqi people.

4. We will meet with the permanent members of the U.N. Security Council to seek a revamped and more humane 'oil for food' program.

5. We will share our photographs and our stories with the people in our 140,000 congregations so that they may see that, like us, our Iraqi brothers and sisters are children of God.

The weapons inspectors need to be allowed to do their work. Now, it is time for the humanitarian inspectors to do theirs.

In closing, we affirm the words shared with us by the Metropolitan of the Syrian Orthodox Church: "Together, we must sow the seeds of peace and let God water and nurture the seeds."