Syrian Refugee Response/Iraq: Information Kit No. 7 Foreword
The conflict in Syria has now dragged its way beyond a fourth year with no sign of an end, either political or military. The number of persons whose families have been torn apart by war continues its inexorable and dreadful rise. It is estimated that between 6-7 million have been displaced within the country and 2,800,000 persons have become refugees in the neighboring countries of Lebanon,
Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.
Currently, more than 220,210 Syrians are residing in Iraq of which 90,000 (41%) are children. Due to proximity, linguistic, security and economic factors, the vast majority of 210,173 persons ((96%) are hosted in three governorates of Kurdistan Region-Iraq (Duhok, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah): 44% of refugees population live in 10 camps mostly constructed after the influx of August 2013. Some 56% of these reside with the host community.
The UNHCR led humanitarian inter-agency response is implemented under the following priorities:
Life-saving or preventing immediate risk of harm;
Preventing conditions leading to the deterioration of vulnerabilities;
Building capacity and resilience into the refugee and host communities.
These categories of response are operationalized through a Sector Coordination System including Protection, Food Security, Education, Shelter, Basic Needs, Health, WASH, Livelihoods Camp Coordination and Camp Management. More than 70 partners including Government institutions, UN agencies, international and national NGOs, collaborate through the inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG), led by UNHCR. The information collated in this booklet is designed to provide an overview of the refugee operation in order to enable decision-makers to make prompt and predictable responses based on evidence.
This Information Kit No. 7 expands and updates previous editions and reflects the Sectors’ activities during June 2014. It contains operational information such as Refugee Facts and Figures , maps of the geographical distribution of the refugees, UNHCR Registration trends of the Syrians refugees, Sector Dashboards, the 3W tables (who is doing what, where) and camp profiles.
During June, the assistance operation for the Syrian refugees has been affected by the dramatic events that took place in the Governorates neighboring KR-I where to date some 650,000 persons were internally displaced when armed groups took control of Ninewa and parts of Salahaddin and Diyala provinces. These people were forced to flee their homes to seek refuge in safer areas in the central and north-central parts of Iraq, but particularly in the three northern governorates of Duhok, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah, where hundreds of thousands of people, by initial KRG estimates, are hosted.
The clusterised response has been multi agency led by the newly re-opened Office of the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in close cooperation with KR-I authorities. Whilst the large-scale IDP response has absorbed much time and resources, the refugee response continues within an integrated, hybrid Cluster/Sector system particular to Iraq and designed to maintain coordination as a pragmatic and light approach to the complex emergency now enveloping the country.
KR-I Syrian Refugees Inter-Sector Coordinator
UNHCR Erbil, KR-Iraq