As the region faces a bitter winter, Christian Aid warns that the lives of Syrian refugees will be at risk due to inadequate shelter.
With a seven-fold increase in refugees from the Syrian conflict arriving in neighbouring countries over the past year, the UN and aid agencies are struggling to protect the most vulnerable from what it’s feared will be one of the harshest winters in years.
There are now almost 200,000 refugees in northern Iraq, most of whom arrived with little or no belongings, and are ill-equipped to deal with near freezing temperatures. UN camps are full, and those forced instead to use temporary shelters are thought to be at particular risk.
Winters in northern Iraq are often hard, with heavy rain and even snow. This year, however, some weather experts predict conditions will be particularly harsh.
Similar conditions are forecast for Lebanon, at present home to more than a million refugees from the conflict. There, no formal camps exist and many of the new arrivals live in make shift encampments.
Christian Aid partner REACH is one of the few agencies in Iraq working with refugees outside the official UN camps. Director Saman Majed says those fleeing the conflict face a number of health risks.
‘The temporary camps were set up quickly to accommodate the last huge influx of 50,000 refugees in the summer and were not constructed to deal with harsh winter conditions.
‘Without proper drainage and concrete flooring in the tents the rainy winter season threatens hundreds of lives as tents will flood. A wet environment then increases the risk of disease, especially amongst small children and the elderly.
‘Refugees are already suffering from malnutrition and diarrhoea, and health issues will escalate.
‘Also at severe risk are the urban refugees those who have sought shelter in abandoned buildings with no doors or windows. They cannot afford clothes or fuel to burn to keep them warm.’
With support from Christian Aid REACH has already provided blankets, shelter materials and warm clothes, as well as food, jerry cans for water, sanitary products and other essential items to almost 15,000 people, but the level of need is huge.
‘In the weeks ahead we will also be providing kerosene oil, kerosene heaters, mattresses and blankets.’ added Saman. These materials will be provided under German Aid agency Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH Germany).
In Lebanon Christian Aid partner Najdeh is continuing to provide food and hygiene kits and with the help of Swiss International Church Aid (HEKS), will be providing heating and heating vouchers
Janet Symes, Head of Middle East at Christian Aid said: ‘Winter will soon arrive and this underlines the need to find a solution to the humanitarian crisis in Syria. Christian Aid believes the only way to end the crisis is through an inclusive negotiated peace that gives the Syrian people the opportunity to start rebuilding their future’
Christian Aid’s Syria Crisis Appeal supports work in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq. You can donate by visiting www.christianaid.org.uk/syria
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Notes to Editors:
Christian Aid works in some of the world's poorest communities in around 50 countries at any one time. We act where there is great need, regardless of religion, helping people to live a full life, free from poverty. We provide urgent, practical and effective assistance in tackling the root causes of poverty as well as its effects.
Christian Aid’s core belief is that the world can and must be changed so that poverty is ended: this is what we stand for. Everything we do is about ending poverty and injustice: swiftly, effectively, sustainably. Our strategy document Partnership for Change www.christianaid.org.uk/images/partnership-for-change-summary.pdf explains how we set about this task.
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