Iraq

Japan's assistance to Iraq (Fact Sheet) 09 Jun 2005

Source
Posted
Originally published


Overview
At the International Donors’ Conference on the Reconstruction of Iraq held in Madrid on 24 October 2003, Japan announced its financial assistance package totaling up to $5 billion. The package comprises (a) $1.5 billion of grant aid for immediate needs through 2004, and (b) up to $3.5 billion, mainly in the form of soft loans (yen loans), in order to meet medium-term needs during the period until approximately the end of 2007. It is Japan’s policy to support the reconstruction of Iraq through the deployment in parallel of ODA (Official Development Assistance) and the humanitarian and reconstruction activities of the Self-Defense Forces.

1. $ 1.5 billion grant

Japanese priorities for grant assistance are areas such as power generation, education, water and sanitation, health and employment, as well as those related to the improvement of security in Iraq. With the decision made on May 27, 2005 to provide 12.7 billion yen or $118 million to build a diesel power station in Samawah City, the obligation of the $1.5 billion of grant has been completed, as follows:

- Direct assistance for Iraq (approximately $ 892 million)

- Assistance through international organizations (approximately $ 101 million)

- Assistance in cooperation with NGOs (approximately $ 25 million)

- Assistance through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq ($ 490 million : $ 360 million for UNDG including $ 40 million for election support, $ 130 million for World Bank)

- Others (including $ 10 million for International Finance Corporation(IFC), $10 million for Japan Social Development Fund (JSDF) and Policy and Human Resources Development Fund (PHRD) of World Bank)

2. Up to $3.5 billion mainly through yen loans

Japan will provide up to $3.5 billion mainly through concessionary loans (yen loans) to meet the mid-term reconstruction needs between 2005-2007. Studies to identify sectors and projects to be covered by yen loans and the consultations between the Japanese and Iraqi governments have been proceeding. In addition to the areas mentioned above, Japanese yen loans will also focus on infrastructure development, including telecommunications and transportation.


*including $10 million disbursed into IFC small business finance facility

※IRFFI : International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq


Japan’s grant to meet immediate needs by sector (already disbursed / allocated)

(1)Electricity

<Direct Assistance>

Provision of 27 mobile substations throughout Iraq

Rehabilitation of Taji Gas Turbine Power Station

Rehabilitation of Mosul Gas Turbine Power Station

Rehabilitation of Mosul Hydroelectric Power Station

Provision of 9 small generators to Samawah (6 MW at total)

Construction of a diesel power station (60 MW)

<Assistance through International Organizations>

Emergency Rehabilitation of the Hartha Power Station (UNDP)

Rehabilitation of the National Dispatch Centre (UNDP)

<Technical cooperation>

Training of 45 technicians in cooperation with Jordan (May to July, 2004)

【Assistance through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI)】

UNDP ($ 121.8 million)

(2) Health / Medical care <Direct Assistance>

Rehabilitation of and provision of equipment to 3 general hospitals in the Central Region (Baghdad, Amarah and Kut)

Rehabilitation of and provision of equipment to 4 general hospitals in the South (Nasiriyah, Najaf, Diwaniyah, and Samawah)

Rehabilitation of and provision of equipment to 4 general hospitals in the North (Kirkuk, Arbil, Mosul, Dahuk)

Provision of 10 ambulances in Nineveh Governorate

Provision of 32 ambulances in Al-Muthanna Governorate

Provision of emergency medical supplies and equipment to Samawah General Hospital

Provision of medical equipment to the Al-Rumaytha and Al-Khidhur Hospitals

Provision of 700 ambulances nationwide

Provision of medical equipment to 32 primary health centers in Al-Muthanna Governorate

<Assistance through International Organizations>

Emergency Rehabilitation of Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital (UNDP)

<Assistance in cooperation with NGOs>

Provision of medical equipment to Samawa Maternity and Children Hospital (Japanese NGO)

Provision of medicines through the Hashemite Charity Organization (Jordanian NGO)

Provision of medical equipment through CARE International (International NGO)

Medical projects and emergency rehabilitation of public facilities (Japanese NGO)

<Technical cooperation>

Training of 100 medical staff in cooperation with Egypt (March, 2004)

Training of 115 medical staff in cooperation with Egypt (October, 2004)

Training of 10 nurses of the Al-Muthanna Governorate (October, 2004)

Training of 10 doctors in Al-Muthanna Governorate (infectious disease control) (November, 2004)

Training of 113 medical staff in cooperation with Egypt (March, 2005)

【Assistance through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI)】

WHO ($ 11 million)

UNFPA ($ 7 million)

UNDG ($ 20 million)

UNICEF ($ 8 million)

(3) Water / Sanitation

<Direct Assistance>

Provision of 30 compact units to the city of Baghdad

Provision of 38 water tankers, 6 water purification units and 311 water tanks to Al-Muthanna Governorate

Provision of special vehicles for garbage disposal and sewage cleaning throughout Iraq

Provision of equipment for solid waste management such as garbage collection vehicles and containers to the city of Samawah

Establishment of 4 wells in Al-Busayyah, Al-Muthanna

<Assistance in cooperation with NGOs>

Rehabilitation of water and sewage facilities in schools in Baghdad and Nineveh (Japanese NGO)

<Technical cooperation>

Training of 24 officials in the field of water resource management in cooperation with Jordan (August to September, 2004)

Training of 20 officials and technicians in the field of water supply and sewage (operation and maintenance / policy and development) in cooperation with Jordan (November, 2004 to March, 2005)

【Assistance through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI)】

UNICEF ($ 21.5 million)

WB ($ 90 million)

(4) Education

<Direct Assistance>

Maintenance of 8 elementary schools and 1 technical school in Baghdad

Rehabilitation of junior high schools in Mosul Improving Hibatoallah Institute for Down syndrome in Baghdad

Provision of 21,000 juvenile books for all primary schools in Al-Muthanna(through Japan Foundation)

<Assistance through International Organizations>

Reactivation of Primary Education in Iraq (“Back to Schools”) (UNICEF)

School Rehabilitation Project (UN-HABITAT)

<Assistance in cooperation with NGOs>

Urgent repairs of primary schools in Baghdad (Japanese NGO)

【Assistance through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI)】

UNESCO ($ 10.09 million)

UNICEF ($ 32 million)

UN-HABITAT ($ 17.4 million)

UNDG ($ 1.4 million)

(5)Employment / Infrastructure

<Direct Assistance>

Improvement of Trunk Communications Network

Improvement of Transit Switches

Rehabilitation of Khider-Daraji Road in Al-Muthanna

Rehabilitation of Mahdi-Sawa Road in Al-Muthanna

Provision of Equipment for Repair and Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in Al-Muthanna

Rehabilitation of Al Kwashi Road in Al-Muthanna

Rehabilitation of Albu Khdeir Road in Al-Muthanna

Rehabilitation of roads in the North and South of Al-Samawah

Rehabilitation of roads in Al-Majid of Al-Muthanna

<Assistance through International Organizations>

Umm Qasr Port Project (UNDP)

Iraq Reconstruction and Employment Program (IREP) in Baghdad (UNDP)

IREP2 in North and South of Iraq (UNDP)

Community rehabilitation Project (UN-HABITAT)

【Assistance through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI)】

UNDG ($ 10 million)

UNDP : Maritime transportation ($ 24.8 million)

UN-HABITAT ($ 16 million)

(6) Security

<Direct Assistance>

Provision of 1,150 Police vehicles

Provision of 150 police buses and 500 police motorcycles

Provision of 70 fire-trucks to Baghdad, Al-Basra and Al-Muthanna

Provision of 20 armored vehicles to Baghdad and Al-Muthanna

Provision of equipment for police check points in Al-Samawah of Al-Muthanna

(7) Others

<Direct Assistance>

Humanitarian operation in the Umm Qasr Community

Equipment supply for Rashid District in Baghdad

Provision of broadcasting equipment to Al-Muthanna TV Station

Provision of office machinery to autonomies in Baghdad

Provision of furniture and playground equipment to a disabled children centre in Baghdad

Provision of football equipment to the Iraqi Football Association and Al-Muthanna Governorate

Supply of the Japanese TV programs “OSHIN”, “PROJECT X” and “PUPPET THEATER”

Provision of Judo equipment to the Iraqi Judo Federation

Rehabilitation of the Olympic Stadium in the Governorate of Al-Muthanna

Invitation to Japan of the Director-General of Health and Director of 4 hospitals in Al-Muthanna governorate

Supply of sports equipment to the Education Department of the Governorate of Al-Muthanna

Supply of transportation cost for used judo equipment to Iraqi Judo Federation

<Assistance through International Organizations>

Emergency Humanitarian Assistance (UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, ICRC)

<Technical cooperation>

Training of 19 Iraqi diplomats in Japan (September to October, 2004)

Training of 11 Al-Muthanna TV staff in Japan (September to October, 2004)

Training of 18 statisticians in cooperation with Jordan (August, 2004)

Training of 15 museum and relic management officials in cooperation with Jordan (September, 2004)

Training of 22 officials of the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq (December, 2004 and May, 2005)

Training of 14 personnel in cooperation with ICARDA in Syria (May 2005)

【Assistance through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI)】

UNEP: Environment ($15.7 million)

UNESCO: Culture($ 1.55 million)

WB: Private sector development ($ 40 million)

UNDG: Election support ($ 40 million)

(END)