Iraq + 1 more

Iraq Situation: UNHCR Flash Update - 8 June 2017

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

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KEY FIGURES

386,400 Internally displaced Iraqis verified as being currently displaced from Mosul and surrounding areas since military operations to retake the city began on 17 October 2016

516,000 IDPs, returnees and members of the host community from Mosul and surrounding areas assisted by UNHCR since 17 October 2016.

100,115 Individuals (22,086 households) impacted by military operations to retake Mosul since October 2016 are currently enrolled in ASSIST, UNHCR’s assistance tracking tool

3 million IDPs since January 20142 253,992 Iraqi refugees hosted in countries in the region, and 18,018 Iraqis received in Al Hol camp in Syria since 17 October 2016

253,992 Iraqi refugees hosted in countries in the region, and 18,018 Iraqis received in Al Hol camp in Syria since 17 October 2016

FUNDING

USD 578 million requested for IDPs and Iraqi refugees in the region in 2017

POPULATION MOVEMENTS

Over 25,000 persons fled Mosul and surrounding districts in the past two days. Between 6 and 7 June, thousands of internally displaced persons (IDPs), most from west Mosul and Ba’aj, close to the Syrian border, reportedly arrived at Hammam AlAlil screening site, 20 kilometres south of Mosul. In Hammam Al-Alil, they undergo security clearance before moving onwards to camps or urban areas. The reported territorial gains secured by Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) allowed families to flee areas which were previously under extremist groups’ control. Newly displaced families cite severe water and food shortages, along with very limited services, as forcing them to leave their places of origin, regardless of the risks along the route to safety. Hammam Al-Alil transit/reception centre is at capacity. As a consequence, a number of IDPs stayed overnight in areas adjacent to the centre on 7 June. IDPs staying at the transit centre are waiting for all family members to arrive and undergo clearance to move onward. A number of IDPs from Ba’aj, whose documents were confiscated at previous checkpoints, are also waiting for their identification documents to be returned so they can relocate to camps or urban areas.

SITUATION UPDATE

Civilians trapped in west Mosul, along with those trying to flee, are facing extreme risks. The UN Human Rights Office, in a statement published on 8 June, highlighted a significant escalation of extremist groups’ use of civilians as human shields and targeting of those attempting to flee areas under their control. At least 204 civilians attempting to flee western Mosul have reportedly been killed during the last week alone. Civilian casualties also continue to be caused by air strikes in west Mosul. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, called on the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and their Coalition partners to ensure that their operations comply fully with international humanitarian law and that all possible measures are taken to avoid the loss of civilian lives.

RESPONSE UPDATE

UNHCR and humanitarian partners receive close to 2,400 IDPs in the newly opened Al Salamiyah 2 camp on 7 June. Most fled areas still under extremist groups’ control in west Mosul, and in Tel Afar and Ba’aj districts, west of Mosul. New arrivals continue to be registered in the camp today (8 June). The camp is ready to immediately receive up to 15,000 IDPs and will have capacity to shelter 30,000 by mid-June, once the current phase of construction is completed. In total, camps built around Mosul by the Government and humanitarian partners are ready to immediately receive up to 43,000 IDPs.

UNHCR and protection partners provide emergency assistance to IDPs fleeing Mosul and surrounding districts. During their flight, IDPs report going through at least four security checks or screenings before reaching their final destinations in camps or urban areas. Protection partners present at mustering points and transit sites along the displacement route continue to identify and refer cases of family separation and missing identity documents to relevant partners. On 6 June, UNHCR’s protection partner facilitated the reunification of 46 IDPs in Hammam Al-Alil transit site with their families in Haj Ali camp and in east Mosul. UNHCR’s protection partner has identified at least 35,000 cases of IDPs who are missing civil documentation in camps east of Mosul, and has been working closely with relevant authorities: 2,000 documents have been re-issued so far in camps east of Mosul.

Of UNHCR’s overall funding requirements to continue providing protection, shelter and camp coordination and camp management assistance to IDPs, it urgently requires USD 126 million to meet critical needs of vulnerable children, women and men displaced from, and returning to, Mosul, until the end of the year.