With 2 million people food insecure, ongoing military conflicts, and winter approaching, the plight of millions of Iraqis, many of whom depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, might worsen.
Military operations and instability in places such as western Anbar, Diyala, Kirkuk, Salah al-Din, Erbil and Ninewa have forced 2.9 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) to leave their homes. While 2.6 million have returned, many others have abandoned their farms and agriculture-based livelihoods.
Insecurity, water shortages and the lack, or high cost, of agricultural inputs continue to negatively affect the performance of the agriculture sector. Herders who are unable to feed their livestock are forced to abandon or sell them, noticeably decreasing their herd size.
Infrastructure such as water supplies for agricultural and domestic use has been damaged or destroyed. Heavy contamination of retaken areas with unexploded ordnance and improvised explosive devices pose immediate and long-term risks.