ANBAR GOVERNORATE - GENERAL CONTEXT
Per the DTM, 7,666 families (46,000 individuals) returned in September bringing the total number of returnee families in Anbar to over 188,000 (1,128,000 individuals) by the end of September. However only about 1,922 families were registered with the Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) Anbar branch in September bringing the total number of registered returnee families to 168,841, approximately over 89% of the total number of returnee families.
Government officials have indicated plans to ensure that all IDPs return to areas of origin by the end of 2017. While most displaced families want to return home and especially before the onset of winter, it is imperative for the authorities to ensure that conditions are conducive for returns including security in areas of return, clearance of explosive hazards, restoration of basic services and critical infrastructure and support to families whose houses are destroyed or damaged.
The security and protection environment remains challenging in Anbar.
During the reporting period, there were forced returns of IDPs from east Anbar camps by security actors, and confiscation of identity documents (ID) which were not returned before the IDPs were relocated. Further, eexplosive hazards continued to be a challenge hampering stability of returns. An improvised bomb planted near a main road in Maqalea,
Baghdadi region, west of Ramadi, reportedly exploded when a bomb squad member tried to defuse it. Several civilians and security personnel have reportedly died over the past months when unexploded bombs planted by extremist groups went off in regions recaptured by government forcessince 2014.
A committee on IDP returns was established on 21 September consisting of Mayors and Heads of sub-districts of the retaken areas and headed by the Anbar Deputy Governor. The committee started a series of visits to various IDP camps to encourage IDPs to return. Those unable to return are asked to approach the relevant camp management authority to explain the reasons why they cannot return. The committee, also, requested from the relevant camp mmanagement to submit lists of all IDPs at each camp and indicate the areas of origin to check the security situation in the areas of origin and also assess the security profile of each family before facilitating their return. Protection partners are monitoring these developments to ensure timely interventions with the authorities in case risk of pressured/forced returns is identified.
Efforts have continued to promote sustainability of returns. The rehabilitation of the “Mamoun Floating Bridge” linking the Juweiba area in the Hamdiya area east of Ramadi was completed on 10th September with GoI and UN efforts. The bridge plays a crucial role in facilitating movements between Ramadi Center and Jazerah Al-Ramadi territories.