Irene Khan, Secretary General of Amnesty International is writing today to the Governments of the USA, UK and Spain who have declared their intention to launch military action against Iraq.
"Those intending to launch military action against Iraq have a particular responsibility to ensure that international human rights and humanitarian law are fully upheld. Amnesty International demands adherence to human rights obligations under international law in the event of war."
Amnesty International is making the same demand of the government of Iraq which must equally abide by its obligations.
In particular Amnesty International demands a public commitment from all parties to the conflict that it will abide by the basic and specific measures outlined below:
- Protect civilians by strictly adhering
to the rules of international humanitarian law
- Refrain from using indiscriminate weapons
- Treat civilian detainees fairly and
- Protect the rights of combatants
- Ensure the security and humanitarian
needs of the Iraqi population are fully met
- Protect and assist refugees and internally
- Make sure that perpetrators of crime
are brought to justice under international law
- Commit to using the International Humanitarian
Fact-Finding Commission to investigate violations of the Geneva Conventions
- Support and facilitate the deployment
of human rights monitors in Iraq as soon as the security situation permits
- Support the UN in their humanitarian and human rights work.
For more information please call
Amnesty International's press office in London, UK, on +44 20 7413 5566
Amnesty International, 1 Easton St., London WC1X 0DW. web: http://www.amnesty.org