Iraq: Mosul Humanitarian Response Situation Report #9 (21-27 November 2016) [EN/AR/KU]
• 73,908 displaced people, over 7,000 returnees and hundreds of thousands of vulnerable residents require assistance.
• Wherever access is possible, Government and humanitarian partners are delivering aid to all people in need, in and out of camps.
• Supplies of food and potable water are dwindling in eastern Mosul city. Civilians close to the front lines face the threat of ISIL snipers, leading to rising casualties. As many as one million people are estimated to remain out of reach.
• 63,000 people in the Namrud area received multi-sectoral emergency response packages of food, water and hygiene items alongside 4,000 food baskets from the Government.
Military operations to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) have reached their seventh week. The Mosul crisis is affecting 73,908 displaced people, more than 7,000 returnees and hundreds of thousands of vulnerable residents in areas newly retaken from ISIL. As many as one million people are estimated to remain beyond the reach of humanitarian assistance inside Mosul city and other areas still under ISIL control. As military operations intensify in Mosul city, security forces are committed to protecting civilians under the Humanitarian Concept of Operations, including identifying escape routes when it is deemed safe to do so. The Government, United Nations and partners are working to reach all people in need as soon as humanitarian access opens up.
Overall displacement rose by over 5,000 people during the reporting period. Movement out of eastern Mosul city slowed, although small groups of families continued to make the journey towards Khazer camp in the east and Namrud in the south-east. With the military operation proceeding westward, displacement from Telafar district accounted for over 20 per cent of new movement. IOM reported that at least 200 families from Telafar have moved south-west to Qayyarah Jad’ah camp. Other reports suggest further displacement within Telafar district, an area known to be heavily contaminated by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and threatened by ISIL snipers.
Almost 80 per cent of displaced people have sought accommodation in camps prepared by the Government and UN. To the east and north-east of Mosul, Khazer M1, Hasansham U3 and Qaymawa (Zelikan) camps are at full capacity. Additional space is available now in seven camps for a further 67,284 people. Plots are under construction or planned for 452,382 more people by the end of the year. Just under one fifth of displaced people are sheltering in host communities and informal settings.
The situation in eastern Mosul city close to the front lines remains fraught with danger for civilians. Mortar and gunfire continue to claim lives. Families must weigh the risks of walking in the streets with the need to seek out food, water and medical care where these are still readily available. The limited supplies of food and water are running out, amid concerning reports of food insecurity emerging from the city. Food distributions by the Government and partners are supporting vulnerable residents, and efforts are underway to repair a water plant in newly-retaken Salamiya, south-west of the city, that would restore drinking water to the suburbs of eastern Mosul.
Meanwhile, casualties from targeted ISIL attacks are mounting. Government and health partners have established additional trauma stabilization centres closer to eastern Mosul. Extra ambulances have been dispatched for badly injured civilians to reach hospitals in Erbil or Dahuk.
Humanitarian civil-military coordination acts as a critical enabler for partners to respond in areas close to the front lines. More than 20 OCHA-led missions have reached newly-retaken areas to assess security conditions and establish humanitarian access, often just days after the conflict has subsided. Access missions pave the way for partners to transport emergency assistance to retaken areas in the form of ready-to-eat food, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health care. During the reporting period, an inter-agency emergency response distribution was able to reach 63,000 people in 23 villages in the Namrud sub-district. The Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) delivered 4,000 food baskets to the area.
People who have chosen to stay in their homes and returnees to these areas face the challenge of sustaining their families and restoring their livelihoods in locations where markets have ceased to function. After the delivery of immediate relief, follow-up distributions of one-month food rations, vaccinations for children and top-up winter items are some of the many forms of assistance required to support vulnerable communities. To ensure that people can cope with northern Iraq’s freezing winter temperatures, the MoMD distributed a further 21,500 blankets and 2,100 tents between 23 and 26 November.