Iraq: Mosul Humanitarian Response Situation Report #8 (14-20 November 2016) [EN/AR/KU]

Situation Report
Originally published



• 68,550 people are currently displaced and in need of humanitarian assistance.
Government and humanitarian partners are providing emergency assistance to all people in need, in and out of camps.

• Civilians are being targeted by snipers in Mosul city. Partners are working to step up trauma care to treat gunshot wounds, particularly among children.

• A second multi-sectoral emergency response distribution took place in newly-retaken Hamam Al Alil, reaching 18,000 people with food aid, water and hygiene items.

• 153,832 vulnerable people in camps and retaken communities have received 30-day food rations since 17 October.

Situation Overview

More than one month into the military operation to retake the city from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Mosul crisis continues to evolve in complexity. Humanitarian needs are severe among displaced families in and out of camps, vulnerable residents of retaken communities, and people fleeing the intense fighting in Mosul city. The response is being calibrated to meet the diverse needs of each distinct and vulnerable group.

Displacement rose steadily during the reporting period, increasing by over 14,000 to reach a current total of 68,550 people. With the military operation pushing deeper into the city, intensified fighting in the densely populated parts of Mosul may trigger larger-scale displacement. The majority of new displacements continue eastwards from Mosul city. Efforts to prepare accommodation for fleeing families have ensured that 78 per cent of those currently displaced have found appropriate and dignified shelter in camps and emergency sites. The remainder have chosen to stay in host communities. Camp capacity stands at 10,000 available family plots in eight camps which today could house 60,000 people. To the east of Mosul, Hasansham camp is full, and Khazer camp will reach full capacity in the coming days. With winter temperatures arriving in northern Iraq, creation of additional capacity is accelerating to accommodate new displacement.

People fleeing the conflict face alarming risks. This reporting period has seen a spike in civilians who have been targeted as they flee Mosul city by ISIL snipers. Almost 200 civilian and military personnel have been transferred in the past week to hospital to undergo trauma care. At least 20 per cent were civilians, and the numbers are growing. Women and children are among those requiring medical stabilization and onwards transportation for surgery on life-threatening gunshot wounds. Existing trauma centres in Mosul are overwhelmed by the rise in casualties. The authorities and health partners are working to mobilize additional facilities close to the eastern suburbs of Mosul so that life-saving medical aid can be administered without delay.

The perils of armed conflict are never far away for those who choose to stay in their homes. Heavy contamination by improvised mines and booby traps is a constant threat to lives and a long-term threat to livelihoods. Around Al Qayyarah, people are still subjected to the blackened air from 19 oil fires that continue to burn in the area.

As new challenges unfold around Mosul city, the Government and humanitarian partners are planning assistance to all people in need as soon as access opens up. Vulnerable residents of newly-retaken areas face severe shortages of basic goods and medical services. On 16 November, a second multi-sectoral distribution to residents in newlyretaken Hamam Al Alil reached 18,000 people with ready-to-eat food, water and essential hygiene items. Distributions by food security partners took place in 14 other retaken communities.

The Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) continues to lead distributions in and out of camps. Between 14 and 20 November, MoMD delivered almost 18,000 relief items, including food baskets, blankets, heaters, hygiene and household items to Hasansham and Khazer camps. In newly retaken villages in the Namrud area, MoMD distributed over 87 tons of food assistance to vulnerable residents. The Iraqi Red Crescent Society has supported over 8,150 vulnerable families in retaken villages with food, water and medical aid since the beginning of the crisis.

Many people remain beyond the reach of humanitarian access. One million people are estimated to remain out of reach in Mosul city, sheltering from the fighting, trying to survive or hoping to escape. Thousands are reported to be in the hands of ISIL, held captive as human shields. The humanitarian community remains extremely concerned for their safety.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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