Iraq

Iraq: Mosul Humanitarian Response Situation Report #13 (19 December - 25 December 2016) [EN/KU/AR]

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Highlights

  • 114,042 displaced people, nearly 10,000 returnees, and hundreds of thousands of highly vulnerable residents in newly-retaken areas require assistance.

  • As many as one million people are estimated to remain out of reach of humanitarian assistance in Mosul city. Of particular concern are reports of food and water shortages.

  • Trauma injuries among civilians continue to be of significant concern in eastern Mosul city with 973 injuries reported last week, mainly from gunshots, mines, and indirect fire. This is a marked increase over the 661 cases reported last week.

  • A number of security incidents occurred this week in which aid workers or beneficiaries receiving aid were killed. The aid community continues to call on all parties to ensure humanitarian access and allow aid deliveries to reach all people in need, wherever they may be located.

Situation Overview

Two months after Iraqi forces began operations to retake Mosul city from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) began, some 114,042 people are currently displaced as a result of the fighting.

There is no definitive estimate on the number of people that may still be living in ISIL-controlled areas and no humanitarian assessments can be undertaken. The humanitarian community is concerned, however, that humanitarian conditions in western Mosul city may have deteriorated, as basic household stocks in western Mosul city have not been replenished since the closure of the city’s supply routes around one month ago.

The majority of humanitarian activities are being undertaken in camp locations to ensure that displaced people arriving at, and living in, camps have access to basic services such as clean drinking water, latrines, health services and food. Some camps, particularly those south of Mosul city, although urgently expanding to accommodate new arrivals are struggling to meet the demand for some basic services. Ensuring that new plots are available to accommodate people who are newly displaced by any intensification of the military campaign in Mosul city is an urgent priority for humanitarian partners and government counterparts. The number of displaced people has increased by 10,170 in the last week. In newly retaken neighborhoods of Mosul city, in addition to a lack of basic services, sporadic indirect fire into homes and public spaces is also a deterring factor for some displaced people wanting to return to these areas.

In the last week, several security incidents affected aid operations in eastern Mosul city. On 22 December three suicide car bombs exploded in the Gogchali area, on the eastern outskirts of Mosul city. As Gogchali straddles the main access route into eastern Mosul city, attacks in this area have the potential to impact aid convoys moving to eastern Mosul city as well aid operations within Gogchali. These explosions followed significant security incidents in the previous two days, in which community-based aid workers and beneficiaries queuing for aid in eastern Mosul city were killed by mortar fire. The UN is engaging the government to establish risk mitigating guidelines to improve the safety of aid workers accessing these areas and for beneficiaries receiving aid, enabling the rapid response of assistance. The humanitarian community continues to call on all parties to the conflict to ensure humanitarian access and allow aid deliveries to reach all people in need, wherever they may be located.

Trauma injuries have increased significantly in eastern Mosul city over the last month. Some 973 injuries were referred from eastern Mosul to Erbil hospitals in the last week, mainly resulting from gunshots and indirect fire. This is a marked increase over the approximately 660 cases reported in each of the last two weeks, and 400 injuries three weeks ago. There is an urgent need for more trauma stabilization points near front lines areas to provide triage, trauma care, and stabilization. An NGO is currently constructing a field hospital near Bartella, to shorten ambulance journeys and relieve pressure on Erbil hospitals.

In eastern Mosul city, it is clearly evident that a lack of food and drinking water is a significant humanitarian concern for people remaining in these areas. People in these areas are relying on newly dug wells and rainwater collection for their water supply. Approximately 450,000 litres of water is being trucked daily to approximately 45,000 people in eastern Mosul city. Until water services are restored, the scale of water delivery will need to increase to meet the needs of all affected people. Further food, water and hygiene supplies remain on stand-by to be delivered to eastern Mosul neighborhoods, security permitting.

Continuing rains have led to flooding in some camps south of Mosul, with further drainage required to ensure that wastewater does not contaminate drinking water and potential waterborne diseases are controlled. Temperatures have also dropped, with snow falling in some areas. Protective shelter, heating and fuel, warm clothing and blankets are priority needs for many affected people.

Between 4 - 19 December, the Government’s Public Distribution System distributed 3,700 boxes of cooking oil, 1,200 bags of rice, 4,000 bags of flour, 2,600 bags of sugar in newly retaken areas of Ninewa Governorate. The Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) also, within Ninewa Governerate, distributed 30,000 blankets, 14,000 food parcels, 7,500 hygiene kits, 1,600 heaters, and 1,000 tents.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.