Protection Issue Highlights
In July 2021, the National Protection Cluster of Iraq released the second round of findings from the data tracked by its Protection Monitoring System. The second round collected information from approximately 2900 key informants across 17 governorates. Fifty-five per cent of those interviewed reported that HLP issues were common, with the highest prevalence in Anbar, Ninewa, Salah Al-Din and Diyala. The top three reported HLP challenges include 1) damage and destruction of housing, land and property; 2) lack of financial resources to afford accommodation; and 3) lack of financial compensation for damaged property. As camp closures in federal Iraq during late 2020 and early 2021 hastened the return of IDPs to areas of origin which have not yet benefitted from sustained reconstruction and development efforts, the pervasiveness of HLP issues could become more widespread.
Fifty per cent of those assessed during the second round of monitoring report that “some or most people are missing their civil documentation.” The lack of access to documentation and to the Civil Affairs Directorates (CADs) which handle requests for the provision of replacement documents is reportedly highest in Anbar and the three governorates of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). The top three reported barriers to access civil documentation are the: 1) complexity, cost and length of the administrative process; 2) inaccessibility of CADs due to distance and/or cost of transportation; and 3) the inability to provide the required documentation for applications. The findings highlight the necessity for protection actors to continue to organize mobile missions with relevant government counterparts to register, process and issue civil documentation in the affected locations.
There has been a significant increase in the level of those assessing the situation of children as negative (35 per cent in the second round compared to 27 per cent in the first round). Protection partners cannot yet conclusively attribute the cause of this rise in reporting, but think it may be in part ascribed to the lasting impact of past camp closures in federal Iraq. The two main protection issues affecting children – lack of access to education and child labour – have been identified by protection actors as being further aggravated by the household’s forced or voluntary departure from camps at short notice. Families are reportedly often unable to re-register children at school in areas of return and/or secondary displacement, and the lack of access to livelihoods and essential services following departure increases the risk for families to resort to child labour as a negative coping mechanism.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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