Iraq + 1 more

Iraq: Humanitarian Needs Overview, 25 September 2014 [EN/AR/KU]

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1 KEY HUMANITARIAN ISSUES…….…1

2 IMPACT OF THE CRISIS………….…..5

2.A Drivers and Underlying Factors…5

2.B Geographical scope and demographic profile of the crisis…......7

2.C Situation of the affected populations………………………….…10

3 INFORMATION GAPS………….……18

4 OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT…..20

4.A National and local capacity and response………………………….…..20

4.B International capacity and response……………………….……..21

4.C Humanitarian access…………..24

5 Annex…………………………………..29

1 KEY HUMANITARIAN ISSUES

The humanitarian crisis in Iraq has been deteriorating rapidly since June 2014: the ongoing conflict has displaced over 1.8 million people and exacerbated pre-existing vulnerabilities throughout the country. The historical waves of conflict dating from 1991, the highly scattered nature of displacement in Iraq, combined with the complex ethno-sectarian drivers of the conflict, presents a challenge for humanitarian actors to equitably meet assistance needs and achieve effective protection monitoring across the whole of Iraq.

In response to the worsening situation, the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Principles agreed to a L3 system-wide activation on 12 August noting the linkages to the Syria crisis, with an emphasis on “a whole of Iraq” approach and with the full knowledge of the limitations of what humanitarians can achieve in the country. Although the United Nations and its humanitarian partners have been responding with all its humanitarian aid tools to the crisis, in coordination with the Iraqi government, the crisis continues to exceed the capacity of the national authorities and the international community to respond.

In assessing the overall humanitarian needs of Iraq, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) notes that there is considerable capacity within Iraq to address some of the needs identified in this Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). The approval of the Federal Budget and the subsequent release of funds allocated for the humanitarian emergency, as well as provision of social services, is an essential milestone which will enable regional and provincial governments to support those in need.
Another critical enabler is resumption of the procurement and dispatch of medical supplies through the central system for dispatch to all governorates. The recommencement of food distribution through the Public Distribution System (PDS) across the country would considerably reduce the overall needs identified in the HNO. Fulfilling these obligations will considerably decrease the overall humanitarian need in the country, thereby allowing the United Nations and its partners to complement authorities-led interventions. Taking this into account, and based on a whole of Iraq approach, the following priorities have been identified by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT): Protection of Civilians, Displacement, Food Security, Essential Services and Conflict-Sensitivity Programming

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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