Iraq

Iraq: Humanitarian Needs Overview 2014-2015 (Summary)

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Since the outbreak of fighting between government forces and armed groups in December 2013 in Anbar governorate, internal armed conflict has swept quickly across large parts of Iraq. The humanitarian consequences have been catastrophic, impacting all eighteen governorates. At least 5.2 million people are now estimated to be in need of protection and emergency humanitarian assistance.

1. PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS

Protection of the civilian population has become the overarching concern in Iraq. The number of civilian victims of armed violence has sharply increased in all governorates directly affected by fighting. Some 3.6 million people live in areas under the control of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), of which 2.2 are in need of humanitarian assistance. Violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by all parties to the conflict have been widespread.

2. MASSIVE NEEDS AS A RESULT OF DISPLACEMENT, INCLUDING SHELTER

An estimated 1.8 million people have been newly displaced since January 2014, approximately 800,000 of whom are in urgent need of emergency shelter assistance and 940,000 require basic household items.

3. FOOD ASSISTANCE

At least 2.8 million people are now food insecure. In addition to food insecurity among those displaced, the conflict has disrupted the public distribution system of subsidized foods upon which more than 4 million individuals who are not displaced depend. Among these, approximately 1.5 million individuals in the lowest 20 percent income group are estimated to have already become highly food insecure and are now in need of emergency food assistance.

4. ACCESS TO ESSENTIAL SERVICES

Over 5 million people lack sufficient access to critical social services as a direct result of the conflict including 5.2 million people in need of healthcare assistance; 5 million who require emergency water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance, and at least 950,000 displaced school-aged children who need emergency interventions to ensure access to education.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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