Iraq: Displacement Tracking Matrix | DTM Round 70 - April 2017 [EN/AR/KU]
From 30 March to 27 April 2017:
• As of 27 April 2017, the DTM has identified 3,065,112 internally displaced persons (510,852 families) displaced after January 2014, dispersed across 106 districts and 3,660 locations in Iraq. For the same period, DTM has identified 1,737,138 returnees (289,523 families).
• Overall, the total number of identified IDPs remained stable during the reporting period, with an increase of less than 1% (6,486 individuals). However, significant population movements were recorded, even though localised. Particularly, Ninewa governorate reported an increase of 10% (53,832 individuals). This number, however, is balanced by the ongoing return movements registered across the rest of the country.
• The returnee population increased by 6% (97,554 individuals). The two governorates that reported the highest increase of the returnee population were Anbar by 6% (49,464) and Ninewa by 19% (41,514).
Considering the available information and the DTM methodology, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) maintains the planning figures for the humanitarian response at 3.1 million internally displaced persons.
During the reporting period, between 30 March and 27 April, Ninewa governorate reported major developments related to the military operations in Mosul. The operations in west Mosul, officially launched on 19 February, have caused the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people.
In parallel to ongoing displacement, returning movements to Mosul city have also been recorded, in particular from camps located in Merkaz Hamdaniya sub-district. From the beginning of the operations, the DTM Emergency Tracking has recorded a cumulative number of 441,720 individuals, of which 336,288 are still displaced and 105,432 have returned.
It is worth noting that during operations, the displacement dynamics of east and west Mosul were different. The first phase focused on areas surrounding Mosul city, such as Baashiqa or Hamdaniya districts.
After a pause from 14 to 29 December 2016, operations in east Mosul resumed and east Mosul was officially declared as ‘liberated’ on 21 January 2017, with the last neighbourhood recaptured on 25 February. During this period, most IDPs autonomously reached, or were transported to, camps and emergency sites.
In the case of west Mosul operations, a large number of people, after transiting through Hammam al Aliel, are moving into host communities, whether in Qayyara and Hammam al-Aliel sub districts or east Mosul. Some are even reportedly returning to west Mosul and are potentially secondary displaced. DTM is closely working with the government and humanitarian partners to harmonize displacement figures across Ninewa governorate. This process presents challenges, particularly to validate IDP records in out-of-camp locations, because of limited access and security issues.
Overall, 590,928 displaced individuals were tracked due to multiple military operations along the Mosul corridor (DTM Emergency Tracking, as of 1 May).
Ninewa has been witnessing many returns of families that were displaced in June-July 2014 and are now returning to retaken areas declared safe. Reportedly, approximately a total of 750 families (4,500 individuals) returned to Hamdanyia from Baghdad and Babylon and to Tilkaif district from Dahuk and Erbil.
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