Iraq faces a large-scale humanitarian crisis. Alarming development gaps and security risks affect 5 million people, of which nearly 2.5 million have fled their homes in the central and northern regions, in addition to 245,000 Syrians seeking refuge in Kurdistan.
Between December 2013 and end 2014, nearly 2.5 million of internally displaced persons (IDPs) have fled their homes in central and northern Iraq, seeking security in Kurdistan, and other governorates such as Karbala, Diyala, Najaf and Basra.
The Kurdistan Region of Iraq itself hosts 970,000 IDPs and 245,000 Syrian refugees (as of March 2015).
Waves of instability and violence have directly affected more than 5 million people in Iraq. This number may increase even further as counter-insurgency efforts continue.
The impact of this unprecedented humanitarian crisis extends beyond populations to all institutions, systems and political processes.
With the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), UNDP is spearheading resilience approaches to help Syrian refugees and IDPs rebuild their livelihoods and become more self-reliant in the medium-term.
This incorporates the broader issue of social cohesion, which is at the heart of any form of stabilization, and sits at the centre of the United Nations strategic planning in Iraq.