More than 277,000 children are at risk of contracting water-borne diseases in schools which have just reopened in Basra, where water and sanitation facilities have totally collapsed, the Norwegian Refugee Council warned today. Teachers told NRC they are witnessing concerning numbers of children hospitalised since they returned to school, suffering from diarrhoea, vomiting, rashes and scabies.
"With classes just reopening after summer, more than 800 schools are now breeding grounds for an epidemic of water-borne diseases, including cholera, as temperatures drop in the coming weeks," said NRC's Country Director Wolfgang Gressmann. "We are extremely concerned that the deteriorating water and sanitation infrastructure of schools and the overcrowded classrooms will catapult the city into a veritable public health disaster."
The water crisis in the city and the region has already led to more than 110,000 people poisoned over the last three months, according to the Iraqi High Commission for Human Rights. NRC is working with some of the worst affected schools to ensure children get safe, drinkable water, but the needs are overwhelming for local authorities and aid agencies.
"We urge donor governments to fund the response to this unfolding disaster before it's too late," Gressmann said. "As one primary school teacher told us: Everyone is at risk now."
The water shortages in rural areas in Southern governorates of Iraq have also forced thousands to leave their homes - at least 3,780 in August alone.
Residents told NRC that access to clean water was a key source of tension and even armed violence in the community.
There are 508,000 children in Basra governorate facing severe drinking water shortages.
800 schools have deteriorating water and sanitation infrastructures. 534 of them are located in the three most affected districts (Basra City, Shat Al Arab and Abu Khaseeb) and host 277,164 students.
This week, NRC is starting to support 9,000 children in the most affected schools in Basra governorate by rehabilitating latrines, water tanks and handwashing areas in collaboration with the Directorate of Education.
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