Iraq: Baghdad returnee assessment, IDP Working Group update - 03 Feb 2008

Originally published


Main Issues

- It is estimated that over 2.48 million people are currently displaced inside Iraq as of 31 December 2007. Of these, 1.2 million were displaced before 2006 and more than 1.2 million were displaced in 2006 an 2007.

- New displacement is occurring at a much lower rate than in the past. This is in part probably due to the increasing ethnic homogenisation of governorates, districts or even neighbourhoods, as well as the decrease in security incidents in some areas of Baghdad and consequent media information campaign.

- Nearly half of the IDPs surveyed have been displaced by direct threats to their life or after being physically forced to leave their property. Less than a third of the surveyed IDPs cite generalised violence as the cause of their displacement.

- Unfortunately, the conditions of IDPs have not improved significantly as a result of the improved security situation in some areas of central Iraq. In many cases return becomes secondary displacement.

- More than 800,000 IDPs (70%) highlight their need for food and adequate shelter. About 250,000 individuals (20%) need improved access to water and legal aid.

- A high percentage of IDPs as well as members of the host community continue to have no regular access to the PDS distribution. Moreover, the Ministry of Trade has announced that the number of items in each basket will decrease commencing January 2008 due to budgetary limitations.

- 80% of the IDPs in the South (more than 300,000 individuals), as well as more than 50% of IDPs in the Centre and North (more than 400,000 individuals) identify better access to income as their top priority.

- The primary type of assistance provided to IDPs has mainly consisted of the provision of food, healthcare and Non-Food Items. 60% of surveyed IDP families (around 500,000 individuals) received food items, 48% (around 400,000 individuals) received NFIs and 11% (nearly 100,000 individuals) received assistance in the form of healthcare.

- The analysis of the data of this survey clearly indicates that a large part of the families received support from the Iraqi population, in the form of host families and relatives.