Independent Evaluation July 2017: Emergency Response to meet immediate MHCP and Livelihood needs of Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs) and Host Communities affected by the On-going Conflict in Iraq, 2016
In October 2016, number of IDPs from Diyala governorate was more than half a million. The IDPs have been facing distress due to lack of resources, poor living conditions, uncertainties about the future, feeling of insecurity and exposure to violence which created distress, persistent flashbacks, sleep disturbances, anxiety, nightmares and violent behaviors. At the same time, IDPs compete with host community who were also negatively affected by the current economic crisis in IKR and the breakdown of national welfare structures. Among those IDPs and host community (HC) members are vulnerable families without income sources and are in urgent need of protection mechanisms from abuse and exploitation.
The main objective of the “Emergency response to meet immediate MHCP and Livelihoods needs of Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs) and Host Communities Affected by the Ongoing Conflict in Iraq, 2016” project goal, was to reduce vulnerability of crisis-affected people, especially women and children in Diyala governorate. Action Against Hunger (ACF) envisioned lives saved, suffering alleviated and human dignity maintained for Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) s and host communities in Diyala Governorate (Iraq). From 1st January 2016 until 30th June 2017, ACF sought people in situations of psychological and psychosocial distress within displaced populations and host communities developed resilience and positive coping mechanisms and extremely vulnerable households have sufficient financial resources to satisfy their critical needs, particularly in terms of access to food, accommodation, and health. In order to attain those objectives, ACF proposed six outputs which were: 1) Affected population provided with appropriate psychological and psychosocial support, 2)health staff capacities are reinforced on identification and referral of population with mental health needs, 3) rapid market and a household assessments were conducted, 4) establishment of the local committees, identification and registration of the beneficiaries with the support of the committees, 5) carry out Monthly Distribution of Multi-Month Cash disbursements and track transfers and 6) launch of a feedback mechanism and other monitoring tools such as the Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM).
The objective of this end of project evaluation was to assess efficiency, effectiveness, relevance and likelihood of impact of ACF’s project in Diyala governorate. Also, the assignment aimed at developing a set of recommendations for the concerned project stakeholders based on lessons learned and good practices. Over 25 working days from 21st May until 30th June 2017, a descriptive statistical analysis was carried out using mix method approach (qualitative and quantitative) to find answers to the evaluation questions. Primary data collection was carried out maintaining a confidence level of 95% and 5% margin of error for the evaluation target group comprising of 346 respondents for quantitative survey and 46 respondents for qualitative survey.
The project documents were also analysed in terms of timeframe, implementation delivery and design of the Program. Furthermore, secondary sources were also studied to triangulate the findings and do comparative analysis besides household survey, which was mostly quantitative in nature.
Based on the end of evaluation findings, MHCP and livelihood were highly relevant interventions to meet the needs and priorities of both IDPs and Host Community (HC) members. Needs assessments correctly guided ACF intervention in terms of Multi-cash distribution and income generation activities by meeting vulnerable people who were without sufficient income sources.
Also, the project addressed GAP needs Mental Health Care Practises (MHCP) – Food Security and Livelihood (FSL) described in the initial assessment.