1 - SECURITY INCIDENTS OVERVIEW
Although fights against ISIS ended and official victory was announced on 10th December 2017 but sporadic attacks by pockets of ISIS in the liberated areas still persist and the security situations have caused the slow pace of reconstruction and the return of the IDPs. While life phenomena have revived in most of the liberated areas but lack of services, swath of infrastructure destruction particularly in the western side of Mosul city and existence of residual explosive hazards paralyzed the development and IDPs’ return.
The number of IDPs as per the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix DTM dashboard from Jan 2014 up to October 15th, 2018 is 1,879,938 with 4,090,242 number of returnees. The returnees’ direction is towards the liberated areas with the majority wave is towards Ninewa governorate.
While 8.7 M people are in need as per the OCHA source, but the residents are most cautiously optimistic about the future of their war-torn city. Countless numbers of improvised explosive devices, mines and unexploded ordnance are also a main risk as they return home. Reports from iMMAP’s Mobile Data Collection enumerators in the field still show that a large scale of infrastructure is damaged and explosive hazards are left both on the primary and secondary roads and under the rubbish of ruined buildings affected by the operations.
Delivering lifesaving assistances such as protection, food, healthcare, shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene to those in need and affected by the repeated conflicts still constitute the major and most intricate humanitarian operations in the area amid the volatile and strained security situation and inaccessibility to some other areas.
While a majority of households have started to return to their areas of origin, figures from DTM still show that around 2 million people still remain internally displaced and secondary displacements continue to occur and protection remained a priority throughout the year with social, ethnic and political tensions. iMMAP-IHF Multi-Dimensional Risk Mitigation Information Management Center continues to rapidly assess the contamination and residual of explosive hazards in the areas affected by the conflict for the expedited response both by the protection actors and government authorities and provide systematic mainstreaming of cross-cutting and strategically information management support to the humanitarian partners for delivering prioritized assistance to the most vulnerable people affected by the military operations.
This situation report outlines dynamic, crucial and exhaustive data on security incidents and explosive hazards since the offensive against ISIS concluded in December 2017 and month to month data coverage necessary for the humanitarian responders to plan/prioritize their prompt humanitarian support to the war-torn areas, vulnerable people and affected communities in a safe manner.