0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Modification 2 – October 2015
The humanitarian situation in Iraq continues to worsen, due to the escalation of the fighting and the intensification of the military campaign against ISIL. The Iraq crisis, a L3 emergency, remains one of the most serious humanitarian crises in the world: 10 million people, nearly a third of the total country’s population (34 million) are expected to need life-saving assistance by the end of the year. 8.6 million need help right now. 3.2 million are internally displaced (additional 1.5 million displaced are expected before end 2015). Needs continue to grow. Full blown ground attacks have been ongoing in Eastern Al-Anbar, central Salah al-Din and western Kirkuk governorates. Over 500 000 people have been displaced since April 2015. Between end of August and first weeks of September only, close to 15 000 IDPs fled ongoing fighting in the Daquq and Hawija sub districts of Kirkuk governorate. In the event of an attack on Mosul up to 1.5 million IDPs in addition are expected. The escalation of the fighting in Anbar, the new displacements and the serious impact that the conflict is having on civilians in terms of humanitarian needs and protection are putting under further strain the already limited humanitarian resources.
The Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) has a total funding gap of 60% and operations are already closing. Several humanitarian partners have announced cuts across all sectors of humanitarian assistance. ICRC Iraq appeal for 2015 is also severely underfunded (€20 million gap). If additional, substantial financial support is not allocated to the humanitarian response, the consequences of such a resource break could be enormous, not only in terms of aid distribution, but also protection and social stability in communities.
Continuing to support humanitarian partners (UN agencies, International Organizations and International NGOs) is needed more than ever to help them in their difficult task of protecting and providing a coordinated emergency response to all the victims of the Iraq crisis. This additional funding of EUR 40 million will help covering some of the most urgent, basic needs of the most vulnerable people: provision of emergency assistance (water and sanitation for the coming winter period, health, food, shelter/NFIs), coupled with persistent principled engagement to improve access (to assistance and to safer ground). Unconditional cash assistance will be expanded wherever possible as a dignifying and cost efficient modality aimed to covering emergency basic needs of those most vulnerable.