Iraq + 3 more

Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Iraq Crisis (ECHO/-ME /BUD/2014/91000) Last update: 21/02/2014 Version 2



Iraq has seen a wave of violence in Anbar province, where armed groups have fought Government security forces in Falluja and Ramadi. The armed conflict was triggered in late December 2013 by the arrest of Sunni MP Alwani and the forced closure of a protest camp in Ramadi city. The situation in Anbar Governorate remains volatile and highly complex.

After weeks of fighting between armed groups and Iraqi forces the risk that conflict will spread to neighboring governorates of Ninewa (Mosul), Diyala and Salah-Al-Din is high. At the time of writing the civilian toll continues to mount. The Ministry of Displacement and Migration reports 62,679 families displaced within Anbar, but also to Erbil, Suleymaniah, Dohuk (in the Kurdish region of Iraq), Karbala, Babil, Baghdad, Najaf, Salah-Al-Din and Ninewa. Accurate casualty figures are unknown, but range in the hundreds of civilians killed and wounded. Although still in small numbers, asylum seekers from the Al Anbar Governorate are arriving in Jordan.

The conditions of displaced families (residing in rented accommodation, schools, mosques, etc.) as well as those who have remained or are otherwise trapped in the cities of Ramadi and Fallujah is becoming more critical over time. Secondary and tertiary displacement as the conflict spreads and intensifies is making an already difficult situation more complex.

Access by humanitarian actors remains a major challenge due to genuine security concerns, internal security restrictions and impediments by armed actors. Windows of opportunity to provide emergency assistance during the ebbs and flow of combat continue to be available as agencies adapt to a new operating environment.

Despite calls by the UN Mission and diplomatic offices for a peaceful solution to the armed conflict, political initiatives have yet to quell the fighting or humanitarian fallout and the current conflict is not likely to be resolved anytime soon. The impact of military operations is becoming more dramatic over time and humanitarian needs are multiplying.

In the last few days, the GoI has announced 10 billion IQD (a little over 6M Euro) for relief operations, the formation of an emergency cell, and 100 billion IQD to rebuild Anbar. The UN Country Team submitted a proposal to the CERF with a total amount of USD 32.4 million. UNHCR is also preparing a separate Anbar emergency response appeal to donors not participating in the CERF.

In view of the deteriorating humanitarian situation and the number of populations displaced, the European Commission has decided to increase by EUR 3 million the budget of the 2014 HIP. This additional funding will be mainly used to respond to the priority needs of newly Internally Displaced Populations due to the conflict in Al Anbar province.