OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
Natural disasters such as drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, as well as ongoing complex emergencies and limited government capacity in the region, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Since 2000, USAID/OFDA and USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) have provided humanitarian assistance in response to complex emergencies and natural disasters in the region, including complex crises in Afghanistan, Georgia, Iraq, Lebanon, West Bank/Gaza, and Yemen; wildfires in Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, and Macedonia; winter emergencies in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Moldova, and Tajikistan; and floods in more than 20 countries throughout the region.
From Fiscal Year (FY) 2000 to FY 2009, USAID provided more than $1.8 billion in emergency response programming throughout the EMCA region. USAID/OFDA assistance included approximately $748 million for health, nutrition, protection, agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, humanitarian coordination and information management, logistics and relief commodities, shelter and settlements, and water, sanitation and hygiene interventions, as well as the local and regional procurement of food aid. In addition, USAID/FFP provided nearly $1.1 billion in emergency food assistance to vulnerable populations in Iraq, Afghanistan, and surrounding countries. In the past decade, USAID/OFDA has deployed nine Disaster Assistance Response Teams (USAID/DARTs) and multiple humanitarian assessment teams to the region. USAID/DARTs deployed to Turkey in FY 2000 and Iran in FY 2004 following destructive earthquakes, as well as Afghanistan in FY 2001, Iraq in FY 2003, Lebanon in FY 2006, and Georgia in FY 2008 in response to complex emergencies. USAID/OFDA also activated Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Teams to support USAID/DART coordination and response efforts.