What is CCCM? The common aim of the CCCM Cluster is to improve living conditions of displaced persons in humanitarian crises. The sector facilitates assistance and strengthens protection of the displaced and works with beneficiaries to attain durable solutions. Camp management is cross-cutting in nature and applies to all types of communal settings, including planned camps, collective centers, self-settled camps, reception or transit centers, and entails building relations with the host community.
The role of the CCCM Cluster is to ensure effective management and coordination of the humanitarian response in locations of displacement according to recognized standards; to identify gaps in services; to increase accountability; to facilitate information sharing; and ultimately advocate for a satisfactory and timely intervention by relevant actors. Effective representation and meaningful participation of the beneficiaries as well as host communities is central to the planning, implementation and the ultimate handover of CCCM responsibilities.
Camp coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) was defined as a new sector under the Humanitarian Reform process in 2005. Since the CCCM Cluster’s creation, it has been activated in a number of humanitarian crises. The cluster has invested significant efforts in emergency responses and works closely with national authorities in disaster and conflict-prone countries to build their capacity to respond to the needs of the displaced. The CCCM Cluster missions are presently active in 22 countries worldwide.
The purpose of this publication is to provide lessons as a knowledge base to support humanitarian operations (in both emergency and protracted contexts). Programs introduced in these case studies were implemented by CCCM Cluster agencies, as well as national authorities, in response to largescale displacement caused by both conflict and natural disasters. Each case study portrays experiences, successfulpractices, challenges and lessons, all within a diverse range of scenarios.
Both successes and challenges in this publication are context-specific and should not be reproduced without adaptation. However, looking at what has been done in the past can inform choices for future CCCM projects.
Case Study Selection
The case studies in this publication were chosen in order to highlight key issues faced by the CCCM sector. These articles were selected based on availability and reliability of information, initially developed using standardized forms to collect the information, but were in most cases written from interviews with camp managers, coordinators and field staff involved in the operations. All case studies were finally reviewed by staff who had been involved in each project.