The current Iraqi internal displacement crisis originated with conflict in Anbar governorate between Armed Groups and the Iraq Security Forces (ISF) in late 2013, rapidly spreading to Ninewa and other central governorates of Iraq in June 2014.
The spread of insecurity led to large scale displacement with nearly 3.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) identified across Iraq and 322,346 individuals registered in the 59 formal camps in Iraq as of April 2016. In October 2016, an operation to recapture Mosul city and surrounding areas was launched. Since then, the entire Eastern bank of Mosul has been under ISF control since January 2017, whilst military operations are continuing in the rest of the city. According to government figures, the cumulative number of IDPs since the beginning of the Mosul operation is beyond 393,000 people who remain displaced in camps and host communities as of 17th April 2017.
Considering the rapidly-changing context of the crisis, up-to-date information about the needs and vulnerabilities in camps is necessary in order to prioritise needs appropriately and understand how the needs of those displaced evolve. In order to procure this information and therefore inform a more effective humanitarian response, REACH and the CCCM Cluster have been conducting Quarterly IDP Camp Profiling that aims to provide regular and updated information on developments, needs, and gaps in all accessible IDP camps across Iraq.
REACH Initiative conducted seven rounds of IDP camp profiles and mapping in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), in May 2017, December 2016-January 2017, August-September 2016, June April 2016, January 2016, December 2015, June 2015, January 2015 and April 2014. . With camps developing swiftly since the last round of assessment (December 2016-January 2017), accessible camps in Ninewa were added to the eighth round of Camp Profiling. (Nargizilia 1 & 2, Chamakor, Haj Ali, Hamam Al Alil 1 & 2, Hasansham M2, Qayyarah Jeddah and Qayyarah Airstrip). ). To monitor these camps comprehensively and inform a more effective humanitarian response, the CCCM Cluster updating the profiles and maps should occur on at least a quarterly basis.
The main audience for this information is the humanitarian community, and specifically those actors working in IDP camps in all sectors. The data collected by the Camp Profile will provide a comprehensive evidence base for programming and for future monitoring exercises inside camps. In addition, the data collected by the Camp Profiling will inform future planning by the CCCM cluster, as the primary harmonized mechanism for assessing IDP camps across Iraq.