Baseline study report: Strengthening WASH basic infrastructure, resilience and livelihoods in return areas in Ninawa, Iraq (January 2019)



This baseline report was prepared as part of the multi-sectoral project in Sinjar and Telafar districts, Ninawa governorate. The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, BMZ. CARE International in Iraq, in partnership with two local NGOs, namely Harikar and HOPE, are planning to implement the project in two districts in Ninawa governorate, Telafar and Sinjar. It is intended to implement activities in three geographic locations within the two selected districts, Telafar city and Zummar town in Telafar district and Sinjar area in Sinjar district. Zummar’s population is about 118,000 individuals (19,000 families). Approx. 80% (around 15,000 families) of the population have now returned to Zummar. Telafar’s population is about 200,000 individuals (40,000 families). Around 25% of the total displaced population has returned according to local Telafar authorities. Sinjar city hosts a population of about 24,000 individuals (4,000 families).

Field work was conducted in early January 2019. The aim of the multi-sectorial baseline assessment was to collect information on the current situation in the areas of Water Supply, Hygiene and Sanitation Practices, House, Land and Property (HLP), Livelihood and Governance in the target areas.

The study has two primary objectives:

  • To understand the perceptions, desires, practices, motivations and constraints of households in the target area with respect to Water Supply, Hygiene and Sanitation Practices, House, Land and Property (HLP), Livelihood, and Governance to inform the project’s key decision makers; and

  • To establish baseline levels and indicators for the activities under the above-mentioned sectors prior to launching project activities.

The following methods of data collection were used for the baseline survey: face to face interviews at household (HH) level using Kobo tool and tablets, to collect data from the field, Key Informant Interviews (KII): meeting with key persons (Sub-mayors, Mukhtars, relevant directorates, etc.), and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with women/girls and men/boys in all the three locations. The interviews were with respect to all the relevant sectors for a randomly selected sample in the target area, as well as household-level interviews of demand behaviour, practices and preferences for a random sample of households within the target areas.

A total of 635 household surveys (50% of the interviewed persons were females), 25 KIIs (2 with women and 23 with males), and 26 FGDs (13 with women/girls and 13 with men/boys) were conducted in the three locations in the project target areas, more details can be seen in Table 1 of the report.

The low percentage of female KI is since all the Mukhtars are men, and most of the staff of directorates in those areas are male, that is why it was not easy to interview female representative of the relevant directorates.