ACAPS Briefing Note: Humanitarian Implications of Violence in Northern and Central Iraq (26 June 2014)
Anticipated scope and scale
• Some 648,000 persons are estimated to be displaced by the ISIL June offensive. This adds to the 500,000 from January’s Anbar crisis, and a further 1.3 million displaced previously and especially during the 2000s. The biggest increases from mid-June have been from Tal Afar (+64,000) and Diyala (+18,000).
• The locations hosting the largest IDP communities are Anbar (400,000), Dohuk (200,000), Erbil (150,000), and Ninewa (150,000).
• Some IDPs are reportedly returning to Mosul since being displaced in the second week of June. The frequent suicide bombings have ceased and ISIL has dismantled internal checkpoints and barriers.
Priorities for humanitarian intervention
• Food, shelter, health, NFIs and water, in descending order, are reported priority needs in 45 of 264 sites assessed between 13 till 19 June.
• The increasing risk of measles, polio and cholera outbreaks as summer approaches is compounded by the lack of access to vaccination, overcrowded living conditions, and compromised water and sanitation systems.
• In addition to difficult access to ISIL-held areas, most humanitarian agencies have relocated to Erbil or other parts of the KR-I, limiting field contacts in Arab Iraq. This is affecting not only assistance delivery but also needs assessments.