Despite efforts to facilitate the repatriation of refugees living in the Islamic Republic of Iran, a significant number of poor and food-insecure refugee households continue to require humanitarian support, including WFP food assistance. In 2012, 840,500 Afghan refugees and 45,000 refugees from Iraq were registered in Iran. Although the majority of the refugees live in urban areas, about 30,000 live in 19 refugee settlements, with very limited livelihood options.
WFP aims to ensure basic food security for vulnerable Afghan and Iraqi households in refugee settlements. WFP has been providing general food distributions in refugee settlements since 1987. This operation introduces a new targeting approach to better address the basic food requirements of the refugees in settlements: the majority of refugees in settlements who are able to meet some of their own food needs will receive a reduced ration; however, assistance will be increased for the extremely food-insecure households who have been severely affected by the removal of government subsidies and rising food prices. A food security assessment is planned six months after the start of the operation to introduce possible refinements of targeting in the second year of the PRRO.
WFP will also support durable solutions by enabling girls and young people from the assisted settlements to complete their education and learn skills that will help their future reintegration in their respective countries. WFP will provide incentive take-home rations to girls attending primary and secondary education. Support will be also introduced to encourage youths from the settlements to attend technical training courses to increase their livelihood opportunities.
The specific objectives of the PRRO are:
- improved food consumption of vulnerable refugee households; and
- increased access to education and human capital development for refugee girls and youths.
These are consistent with WFP Strategic Objective 1 Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies) and 3Restore and rebuild lives and livelihoods in post-conflict, post-disaster or transition situations). The PRRO will also contribute towards the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, and 3.