A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On February 17, according to the Iranian Seismological Centre a 5.6 magnitude earthquake hit the country. The epicentre was 11 km from Sisakht city, 19 km from Madovan city and 20 km from Komeh city in Isfahan province. Based on the magnitude and the distance to the populated areas around, a number of 19 cities with a population of 257,661 individuals and 1,144 villages have been affected by the disaster. So far, six (6) aftershocks reported (the biggest is 3.6).
According to the report from the Ministry of housing, 380 houses have been seriously damaged in Sisakht city and 47 in Samirom city. The total population in Sisakht is over 10,000 individuals, in Madovan district is 18,078 and in Komeh city 2,184. The total urban population is over 182,000 with 45,517 housing units, while the total rural populations is 197,140 with 48,627 housing units.
The Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) responded to the disaster from the very beginning. The provincial crisis management taskforce was set up in the capital of the province with the participation of the governmental organizations related to response operation. The taskforce is run by the National Disaster Management Organization (NDMO) in the provincial level.
Summary of the current response
Overview of Host National Society Response Action
The IRCS was established in 1922 (as the ‘Red Lion and Sun Society’) and became affiliated with the IFRC in 1924. It has over 8,500 staff and some 1.5 million volunteers, being active through the Youth Organization, the Volunteers Organization and the Relief & Rescue Organization. IRCS has 500 local branches across the country. The National Society has strong auxiliary link to Government and is mandated, under the Law on Crisis Management, to conduct search & rescue activities, relief services and to provide emergency shelter. In addition, the IRCS is responsible for raising public awareness on disasters preparedness, including the provision of related educational activities.
On the first day of the earthquake, 147 villages were rapidly assessed by IRCS (121 villages in Kohgilouye-Boyerahmad, and 26 in Isfahan). Five emergency ambulances deployed to deliver basic health care services to the injured people. Two emergency camps were set up for people in need, while most of the affected people were reluctant to stay in the camps and preferred to stay at their houses yard. So, it was decided to distribute one emergency family tent per family for those households with urgent needs. 63 persons injured, out of which, 36 received outpatient services by IRCS and 7 people were transferred to medical clinic by IRCS.
Since the immediate onset of the disaster and in line with responding to the urgent needs of the affected population, the IRCS reached to 12,130 persons through the distribution of 3,331 relief tents, 945 blankets, 6,644 kgs of plastic sheets, 214 set of heaters, 1,965 food parcels (for 72-hours) and 70 ground sheets.
Overview of Red Cross Red Crescent Movement Actions in country
The IFRC has a presence in Iran since 1991 and has been providing technical support in Capacity Building initiatives and supporting IRCS in Disaster Management, Shelter, Disaster Law, Youth and Health. There is no partner National Societies (PNS) present in the country, however IRCS has a memorandum of understanding with a number of PNSs. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has a delegation based in Tehran with various number of humanitarian activities in cooperation with the IRCS and is on standby to support the IRCS operation (e.g., through health support to migrants, mine risk education (MRE), restoring family links (RFL).
Overview of other actors’ actions in country
Efforts of Ministries, local authorities, national NGOs and the IRCS are coordinated by the National Disaster Management Organization (NDMO). IRCS delivers the relief, rescue, and emergency shelter. Sectoral services are led and implemented by line ministries. The governmental bodies and institutions are engaged in the on-going operation. UN agencies are present in-country, including WHO, FAO, UNOCHA, UN-Habitat, UNDP, UNHCR and UNICEF. INGOs have limited presence in country, with Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and Relief International (RI) present in country