Iran: Floods - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF n° MDRIR002

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A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Flash floods in Golestan Province, in the North of Iran, began on 16 March causing flooding and landslides. The flooding subsequently spread further north and to the eastern provinces. The IRCS Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) declared early warning based on metrological alerts. Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) snapped into action, disseminating community-based warnings and evacuating at-risk communities to safe shelters.

Continued rainfall has caused floods in 586 cities and villages across Iran. Flood water has destroyed infrastructure, livestock, agriculture and livelihoods, with estimated damage USD 150,000 million, in Golestan and Mazandaran Provinces alone. The disaster struck in the middle of Nowruz,
Iranian New Year holidays. National Metrological service predicts more rainfall for the coming week.

By now, IRCS has reported 45 persons dead and at least 434 persons injured. The most affected areas are Golestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Fars, Kermanshah, Khozestan, Semnan, Ilam and Hamedan. To date, IRCS has assisted 156,531 flood-affected persons and is provided temporary shelter for 50,732 people. As part of response, IRCS despatched helicopters, boats, ambulances, response vehicles and teams. After early warning for at-risk communities, IRCS provided emergency search and rescue, assessment, first aid and medical evacuation. IRCS has fulfilled its mandate of lead agency for disaster response, registering those evacuated and distributing food, water and household items to all those in need.