A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
As heavy rains continue to hit Iran since mid-March, floods remain a threat for many provinces, cities, villages, and infrastructure. Still more people are being evacuated and moved to safe areas and emergency shelters as the Iranian Red Crescent scale up its operations and resources to meet the imminent needs of the affected populations.
Extreme flooding and heavy rainfall which at times equaled more than half of the annual average within 24 hours; Golestan Province, for example, received 70% of its annual rainfall in just one day.
This is unprecedented for the past 300 years. Since 16 of March, almost all 31 provinces in Iran have been hit by flooding, damaging houses and infrastructure, affecting over 10,000,000 people.
Most severely affected provinces are Gilan, Mazandaran, Golestan, Lorestan, Khuzestan and Khorasan Razavi., 78 people are reported dead, 1,136 injured and 2 million are in need. Across all affected provinces, 54,000 houses are destroyed, another 90,000 damaged.
Forecasted storms and rains over the coming days may scale up the floods impact and have the potential to disrupt the efforts of the humanitarian response. Southern and eastern parts of the country will be at risk. Several cities and villages in Khuzestan Province have been recently evacuated, 5 districts in Ahvaz City are under evacuation order.
The IRCS has been mandated by the Government to respond to the emergency needs of the affected populations in providing rescue and relief support. With IRCS teams and branches are responding in all affected areas since day one, the focus has been on the most five pretentious provinces starting with Mazandaran, Golestan, Ilam, Lorestan, and more recently Khuzestan. The latter province holds two major dams (Dez and Karkheh) that might at risk to break. People in areas at risk have been evacuated to safe areas and emergency shelters. At present, this risk is consider contained, as water outflow form the dams was increased.