Iran - Earthquake OCHA Situation Report No. 15

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 17 Mar 2004


Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2004/0046
OCHA Situation Report No. 15
Iran - Bam Earthquake
Requirements under the Flash Appeal have been revised to US$ 32.7 million.

Situation

1. The updated assessment of the impact of the earthquake, as provided by the Government of Iran, indicates that there are approximately 43,200 people dead, 15,000 still under medical treatment, 2,000 orphans and up to 90,000 people displaced in addition to the destruction of 50,000 houses in Bam and the surrounding rural areas. The number of people affected by loss of economic activity and damage to property and infrastructure is up to 200,000.

2. UN operations in Bam are well underway and no major obstacles are being encountered by agencies in the implementation of their activities.

Food

3. The first distribution of WFP food took place during the first week of March. The Iranian Red Crescent Society, WFP's implementing partner, has registered more than 171,000 people for food distribution, covering the remainder with its own resources. WFP has a small team in Bam to assist the IRCS with the logistics, distribution and monitoring aspects of the operation.

Health and nutrition

4. Wile a clear decrease in the trend of acute respiratory infections has been noted, the incidence of watery diarrhoea has increased significantly in the past two-to-three weeks. There is neither laboratory evidence of cholera orremarkable change in the trend of other communicable diseases. An assessment and planning mission took place in collaboration with UNICEF and the Ministry of Health for the restoration of cold chain and the regular immunization programme. UNICEF will procure cold chain equipment and technical support for restoring the immunization system.

Water and sanitation

5. The safety of the water network is showing a downhill trend and is a cause of significant concern among authorities. UNICEF is providing technical and material support (pipes, pumps, chlorination equipment, water testing equipment and consumables) and is working with the authorities to ensure that the water distribution system reaches the planned sites for the 17,000 prefabricated housing units, procured by the Government. UNICEF also assists with technical support on the issue of sewerage and will provide water quality monitoring equipment to address immediate testing requirements.

6. With a gradual decrease in support from other provinces to Bam, the issue of waste management has become a problem. The stagnant surface water and drainage is attracting numerous flies and insects. Extensive insecticide spray activity is in process in Bam. UNICEF has procured 20,000 dustbins and 750,000 disposable plastic garbage bags. The risk of children's exposure to scorpions and snakes in the camps has also been raised as a serious concern, as the hot season is coming closer. Availability of curative responses is being considered.

7. With the arrival in Bam of the 2,000 squatting plates and plastic sheets from UNICEF, attention has been focussed on distributing the latrine slabs. So far, more than 850 latrine slabs have been distributed, with UNICEF providing technical support for construction and installation. UNICEF is also assessing the sanitation needs in camps and school sites for possible distribution of the remaining squatting plates.

Education and psychosocial support

8. To support the resumption of education, UNICEF has provided 16 high quality inflatable tents and 18 Omega tents with coolers and whiteboards (donated by Norwegian Church Aid) to the education authorities in Bam to be used as temporary classrooms in some 50-school sites. Basic educational activities in mathematics and reading are beginning to take place to slowly reintroduce the formal curricula.

9. UNICEF will continue to advocate for classroom activities to focus on easing the emotional stress of children using play and recreational activities. UNICEF is working with the health and education authorities to move ahead on the school-based counselling programme. UNICEF has signed a Letter of Understanding with the Ministry of Health (MOH) formalizing assistance to 25,000 survivors of the disaster who most traumatized and in need of professional psychosocial assistance targeting both children and parents. With UNICEF's technical support, the two branches of the government ministries have mapped out a plan of action where the Ministry of Health will conduct the training of trainers for school counsellors, who will in turn train school teachers. The teachers training commenced on March 2nd, with 80 teachers participating. The programme will cover 1,500 teachers. Meetings have taken place between UNICEF and NGOs involved in the education sector, in order to identify/prepare a list of requirements for special schools (mentally retarded children).

Protection

10. Drug abuse among affected children in Bam and children learning the use of drugs from their parents is increasing, thus requiring an integrated response from the Ministry of Education (MOE), the Ministry of Health (MOH), the State Welfare Organization (SWO) and UNICEF. Many children are also seen at waste disposal sites outside town collecting garbage to sell, thus exposing themselves to various health-related risks and school absenteeism. UNICEF has brought the issue to the attention of relevant government offices.

11. UNICEF provided 18 large tents, which have been erected to help the State Welfare Organization (SWO) to establish childcare centers, each with a capacity of 80-100 children. UNICEF also distributed 20,000 pairs of undergarment to vulnerable women. Furthermore, 2,000 more sets of children's clothes and shoes are being procured. UNICEF previously provided 10,000 sets of children's clothes.

12. A meeting was held between local NGOs and international NGOs in Bam involved in tracing and child protection to discuss strategies for tracing and child protection. The SWO has agreed to collaborate with IRCS and UNICEF in creating a centralized database and exchange information on new cases reported to them. In order to prevent parents from placing children in orphanages, UNICEF strongly advocates with authorities and social workers to ensure that immediate assistance is brought to the families in dire need, especially women-headed households.

13. Seven hundred and forty-two Afghan refugees have now been repatriated in three convoys, with further vulnerable individuals being identified. Among those cases, some are still not yet registered by IRCS and UNHCR has referred those to the Governor's office. The grand total of Afghan refugees that were affected by the earthquake is approximately 1,600 persons, including those already repatriated.

Non-Food items

14. The need for additional blankets, tents and other non-dispensable items has been identified, particularly as items already distributed become torn and dirty due to living conditions. NGOs planning to procure and distribute hygiene kits should coordinate and provide the information to IFRC and IRCS. It is recommended that some sort of mosquitoes and insects repellent and as well as moisturizers be included in hygiene kits.

15. SC-UK has made available stocks of tents, blankets and children's cloths, targeting needy families. 1450 hygiene kits have also been distributed by the agency in collaboration with Polish Humanitarian Relief and Oxfam. World Vision has also distributed essential relief items in targeted areas.

Shelter and reconstruction

16. On the shelter front, local authorities are providing camps to allow families residing in tents to move in before the hot season. Moreover, local authorities will provide pre-fabricated buildings to those households desiring to remain on their property. IFRC is looking into the procurement of cold boxes and fans for 30,000 families. Once the population has moved to prefabricated houses, there will still be a need for air conditioners.

17. Caritas Holland and Caritas Swiss are reconstructing a total of 691 houses in zone 12 and rural areas. Memoranda of Understandings (MOUs) have been signed with the Housing Foundation, however reconstruction has not commenced due to delays in confirming the list of beneficiaries and removal of the rubble. World Vision is rebuilding 135 houses in Kork village, while Relief International will engage in constructing 1,060 houses (foundation and structure only) in two other villages.

18. World Vision signed an MOU with the MOH for the construction of three health centres. The number of health centres and location are under review by the Ministry. ACTED has recently made an assessment mission on shelter for rural areas. Peace-Wind Japan is concentrating on reconstruction of schools and is organizing a workshop on temporary shelter. The SDC (Swiss Development Cooperation) is supporting Swiss Caritas with expertise on earthquake resistant buildings and will establish a training component in conjunction with their reconstruction program.

19. With reference to the Overall Plan of Action for physical reconstruction of Bam, it was agreed that once the Plan is approved, local authorities in Bam, in coordination with OCHA, would organize a briefing to disseminate information for better coordination and planning among actors involved in reconstruction.

Agriculture

20. WFP facilitated a meeting between the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) and three agencies (French Red Cross, MedAir and World Vision). According to the Ministry of Agriculture, current needs in the agriculture sector are for the rehabilitation of irrigation systems (quanats), the provision of agricultural inputs (fertilizers, etc) and for animal husbandry (livestock management). World Vision is involved in the reconstruction of quanats, with an MOU being signed with the Ministry of Agriculture for Pakam and Qambarabadeh areas. MedAir is involved in clearing canals to facilitate irrigation of date palm groves in zone 2 and 8.

Coordination

21. OCHA in Bam regularly meets with local authorities in order to clarify issues requiring direct coordination, communication and reporting needs between UN, NGOs and national counterparts. OCHA presence in Bam is expected to remain until the completion of the Flash Appeal period, i.e. end of April 2004. OCHA will maintain a presence in Tehran supporting the Resident Coordinator until the end of October 2004.

22. The Kerman NGO Network was established under the umbrella of the Ministry of Interior. OCHA facilitated a meeting between the local authorities and NGO/UN agencies on general coordination issues. Selected NGOs (World Vision, Caritas Holland/Switzerland, Médecins du Monde and Islamic Relief) presenting their progress report, briefly explained the type of activities, progress made and problems faced. Future meetings will take place on a weekly basis, focusing on progress and constraints.

Security

23. As some demonstrations were reported on 4 March, the Designated Official has ordered a review of existing safety and security measures for Bam area, including the recruitment of security guards and the possible transfer of the UN compound to a safer location although the UN compound (also hosting international NGOs) was not targeted.

Revised Flash Appeal and Funding Requirements

24. The current Flash Appeal for the Bam earthquake of 26 December 2003 for Relief, Recovery and Immediate Rehabilitation has been revised to US$ 32.7 million with a view to reflect additional activities and requirements from the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in the shelter and recovery/reconstruction sectors as well as provision to ensure continuation of UNHAS flight services (Annex I).

25. ILO's project is designed to improve the socio-economic conditions of women in Bam through a series of measures, enabling 5000 women to regain economic footholds through self employment and simultaneous building up of their life skills and community networks promoting a rights based approach. ILO appeals for US$ 200,000.

26. Through its project, IOM will provide interim and semi-permanent shelters for 3,000 families (some 15,000 persons) in Bam and the immediate surrounding villages who have been displaced and rendered homeless by the earthquake. Making use of local materials, tapping local human resources, and applying low-cost earthquake-resistant shelter construction technology learned from past earthquake experiences in Iran and abroad, IOM will deliver and complete the project during a six-month period. Under this appeal, IOM appeals for the funds needed for Phase I of the project (March - April 2004) for US$ 700,000.

27. The United Nations Resident Coordinator Office will serve as a channel for funds for UNHAS operations to facilitate transport of UN and other partners (NGOs, embassies) between Bam and Tehran until such time as regular commercial airline flights are restored. UNDP is appealing for US$ 323,000 for the duration of the appeal period.

28. OCHA has revised its coordination requirements as it will convene and facilitate a workshop on lessons learnt from the national and international response to the Bam earthquake, planned in Kerman on 14-15-April 2004 in cooperation with the Iranian authorities. OCHA will also continue to support the Resident Coordinator's Office until the end of October 2004 to facilitate a smooth transition from initial rehabilitation to medium term rehabilitation and reconstruction with the recruitment of an experienced national officer.

29. The contributions to the UN Flash Appeal by donors to-date amount to only US$ 15 million. Unmet requirements therefore total US$ 17.5 million.

30. There are notable shortfalls in the sectors of health, food, water/sanitation, education, economic recovery, infrastructure rehabilitation and reconstruction and shelter. See financial tables attached below. It is hoped that the support provided during the initial phase of the emergency will continue in order to mitigate human and material consequences of the earthquake before the the hot weather season.

Next Steps: the Way Forward

31. The UN has committed itself to supporting the Government not only in the provision of short-term relief, but also in long-term reconstruction, recovery and risk reduction. The UN system in consultation with the Government has prepared a strategy for short, medium and long-term support. In this regard, three distinct but inter-related components are suggested under the UN Strategy.

32. The short-term (February-May 2004) period will focus on specific and targeted technical support to the start-up phase of the reconstruction and recovery programme. Some key activities envisaged in this phase include technical consultation on livelihoods and social sector recovery; the OCHA Workshop on lessons learned from the response operations in Kerman (14-15 April) and consultation on public-private partnerships for reconstruction. The medium-term (May 2004 - December 2005) will focus on sustained technical and coordination support to the Government for the entire duration of the reconstruction programme to help ensure efficient and sustainable recovery and long-term disaster risk reduction. Some key activities envisioned during this phase include the International Conference for the Reconstruction of Bam (early-June 2004) and an international seminar on earthquake disaster risk management (October 2004).

33. In the longer term (until December 2008), capacity building to mainstream disaster risk reduction into development processes at local, provincial and national levels (six months to five years) will be the focus. Over the next five years, the UN system in Iran will work to support the Government in developing and mainstreaming appropriate risk-reduction policies and practices beyond Bam to reduce the possibility of similar catastrophes in vulnerable cities.

34. OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. For banking details please contact the desk officers indicated below. OCHA provides donor governments with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.

35. Updates on contributions to this disaster may be found by clicking on the OCHA Financial Tracking Service at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website (http://www.reliefweb.int). Donors are requested to verify this table and inform OCHA Geneva of corrections/additions/values. Donors are encouraged to notify OCHA Geneva of their contributions to this disaster using the OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format, available electronically in the above-mentioned Financial Tracking Website.

36. OCHA is in close contact with the Office of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Tehran and will revert with further information as it becomes available.

37. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int.


UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for Islamic Republic of Iran 2004 Flash Appeal

Summary of Requirements
By Appealing Organisation as of 16 March 2004
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation

Appealing Organisation
Original Requirements
Current Requirements
FAO/UNDP
2,495,000
2,495,000
ILO
0
200,000
IOM
0
700,000
OCHA
211,610
340,580
UNDP
6,017,500
6,340,500
UNESCO
750,000
750,000
UNFPA
710,000
710,000
UNHCR
340,560
340,560
UNICEF
14,340,000
14,340,000
WFP
2,587,237
2,587,237
WHO
3,865,000
3,865,000
Grand Total
31,316,907
32,668,877

Table I : UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal forIslamic Republic of Iran 2004 Flash Appeal

Summary of Requirements and Contributions
By Appealing Organisation as of 16 March 2004
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.


Appealing
Organisation
Original
Requirements
Revised
Requirements
Contributions
Pledges
Carryover
Total Resources Available
Unmet
Requirements
%
Covered
FAO/UNDP
2,495,000
2,495,000
444,050
50,000
0
494,050
2,000,950
19.80%
ILO
0
200,000
0
0
0
0
200,000
0.00%
IOM
0
700,000
0
0
0
0
700,000
0.00%
OCHA
211,610
340,580
247,638
479,453
0
727,091
(386,511)
100.00%
UNDP
6,017,500
6,340,500
447,761
50,000
0
497,761
5,842,739
7.85%
UNESCO
750,000
750,000
0
500,000
0
500,000
250,000
66.67%
UNFPA
710,000
710,000
0
50,000
0
50,000
660,000
7.04%
UNHCR
340,560
340,560
136,775
487,445
0
624,220
(283,660)
100.00%
UNICEF
14,340,000
14,340,000
6,200,560
2,459,022
0
8,659,582
5,680,418
60.39%
WFP
2,587,237
2,587,237
496,663
937,109
0
1,433,772
1,153,465
55.42%
WHO
3,865,000
3,865,000
1,003,441
1,109,090
0
2,112,531
1,752,469
54.66%
GRAND TOTAL
31,316,907
32,668,877
8'976'888
6,122,119
0
15,099,007
17,569,870
46.22%

Table II : Islamic Republic of Iran 2004 Flash Appeal

Listing of Project Activities
By Sector as of 16 March 2004
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Page 1 of 2


Project code
Sector/activity
Appealing agency
Original requirements
Revised requirements
Contributions/ Pledges/ Carryover
Unmet requirements

COORDINATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
IRN-04/CSS02 Coordination support
OCHA
211,610
340,580
527,091
(186,511)
IRN-04/CSS01 Emergency international assessment of historical heritage site of Arg-e-Bam
UNESCO
200,000
200,000
500,000
(300,000)
IRN-04/CSS03 UNHAS Air Transportation Services
UNDP
0
323,000
0
323,000
Sub total for COORDINATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
411,610
863,580
1,027,091
-163,511

ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
IRN-04/ER/I03 Interim Restoration of Commercial Life in Bam
UNDP
3,387,500
3,387,500
0
3,387,500
IRN-04/ER/I01 Restoration of water supply infrastructure for date plantations
FAO/UNDP
1,395,000
1,395,000
494,050
900,950
Sub total for ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
5,882,500
5,882,500
494,050
5,388,450

EDUCATION
IRN-04/E01A Emergency education centres for the most affected and vulnerable students
UNESCO
550,000
550,000
0
550,000
IRN-04/E01B Emergency education centres for the most affected and vulnerable students
UNICEF
3,400,000
3,400,000
0
3,400,000
Sub total for EDUCATION
3,950,000
3,950,000
0
3,950,000

FAMILY SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
IRN-04/S/NF02 Intermediate shelter assistance for earthquakevictims
IOM
0
700,000
0
700,000
IRN-04/S/NF01 Sustainable Recovery Programme in Shelter Sector
UNDP
2,580,000
2,580,000
447,761
2,132,239
Sub total for FAMILY SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
2,580,000
3,280,000
447,761
2,832,239

FOOD
IRN-04/F01 Relief assistance to earthquake victims in Bam
WFP
2,587,237
2,587,237
1,433,772
1,153,465
Sub total for FOOD
2,587,237
2,587,237
1,433,772
1,153,465

HEALTH
IRN-04/H03 Child Health and Child Nutrition
UNICEF
2,000,000
2,000,000
0
2,000,000
IRN-04/H01 Health and nutrition
WHO
3,865,000
3,865,000
2,112,531
1,752,469
IRN-04/H02 Provision of reproductive health information and services for victims of the Bam earthquake
UNFPA
530,000
530,000
50,000
480,000
Sub total for HEALTH
6,395,000
6,395,000
2,162,531
4,232,469

Table II : Islamic Republic of Iran 2004 Flash Appeal

Listing of Project Activities By Sector as of 16 March 2004
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Page 2 of 2


Project code
Sector/activity
Appealing agency
Original requirements
Revised requirements
Contributions/ Pledges/ Carryover
Unmet requirements
MULTI-SECTOR
IRN-04/UNDP Awaiting confirmation
UNDP
0
0
0
0
IRN-04/UNICEF Awaiting field office allocation to specific projects
UNICEF
0
0
7,088,659
(7,088,659)
IRN-04/OCHA Food aid and UN Humanitarian Air Service (Awaiting confirmation)
OCHA
200,000
(200,000)
Sub total for MULTI-SECTOR
0
0
7,288,659
-7,288,659

PROTECTION/HUMAN RIGHTS/RULE OF LAW
IRN-04/P/HR/RL02 Protection of women and girls affected by the Bam earthquake and building their capacity to lead a healthy, quality life
UNFPA
180,000
180,000
0
180,000
IRN-04/P/HR/RL03 Protection, shelter, and emergency assistance to refugees affected by Bam earthquake
UNHCR
340,560
340,560
624,220
(283,660)
IRN-04/P/HR/RL01 Psycho-social support to Bam earthquake child victims
UNICEF
3,180,000
3,180,000
1,470,923
1,709,077
IRN-04/P/HR/RL04 Socio-economic support for women affected by the Bam earthquake building up their social and economic capacity to lead a secure, quality life
ILO
0
200,000
0
200,000
Sub total for PROTECTION/HUMAN RIGHTS/RULE OF LAW
3,700,560
3,900,560
2,095,143
1,805,417

SECURITY
IRN-04/S01 Security/communication costs
UNDP
50,000
50,000
50,000
0
Sub total for SECURITY
50,000
50,000
50,000
0

WATER AND SANITATION
IRN-04/WS01 Water and sanitation
UNICEF
5,760,000
5,760,000
100,000
5,660,000
Sub total for WATER AND SANITATION
5,760,000
5,760,000
100,000
5,660,000

Grand Total:
31,316,907
32,668,877
15'099'007
17,569,870

ANNEX I

FLASH APPEAL: ADDITIONAL PROJECTS


Appealing Agency
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
Project Title Socio-economic support for women affected by the Bam earthquake - building up their social and economic capacity to lead a secure, quality life
Project Code IRN-04/P/HR/RL04
Sector Protection
Objectives To improve the socio-economic status of the most vulnerable women in BAM through skill development training, life skills development, income generation activities and micro-credit support;
To promote self employment through entrepreneurship development and establishment of cooperatives
Targeted Beneficiaries 5000 women affected by the Bam earthquake, (in particular widows, disabled, female household heads and displaced women)
Implementing Partners Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Ministry of Cooperatives, Community-based local women's groups, NGOs
Project Duration March-April 2004
Total Project Budget US$ 200,000
Funds Requested US$ 200,000

Summary

The most striking effect of disasters on women is the loss of economic resources and deterioration of socio-economic status, exposing them to various forms of exploitation, trafficking, and a greater degree of physical and psychological harms. This project is designed to improve the socio-economic conditions of women in Bam District through a series of multi-layered measures, enabling 5000 women to regain economic footholds through self employment and simultaneous building up of their social life skills and community networks promoting a rights based approach. Project activities are:

  • Economic needs identification survey through community based participatory approach, working with the local communities, as well as all the stakeholders and the government authorities to identify potential areas for self employment and economic pockets for income generation;
  • Mobilise disaster-affected women into "self-help groups" and support networks;
  • Skills training on identified income generation areas (agricultural activities, food processing, carpet weaving, handicrafts, etc., corresponding to local needs and markets, and use of indigenous skills);
  • Training on savings and credit skills and loan mobilization mechanisms and modalities of loan repayment;
  • Help facilitate women's access to available financial resources and services;
  • Credit mobilization through grant loans (micro-finance)
  • Awareness training on women's rights and life skills;
  • Basic training on entrepreneurial skills and market linkages.
  • Training on the establishment and management of cooperatives.
FINANCIAL SUMMARY

Budget Items
US$
Preparation of a community based economic identification survey report by a team of experts working on site for 20 days
10,000
Project team Coordinator/temporary Office establishment/Transportation
40,000
Establishment of, and provision of loan funds
50,000
Entrepreneurship training
10,000
Training on micro- credit mobilization
10,000
Life skills training (rights and protection)
10,000
Skill development training - corresponding to local needs and markets
30,000
Training on establishment and management of cooperatives
10,000
Construction of community meeting halls for women's networks and groups
25,000
Administrative and operational costs and Transportation
5,000
TOTAL
200,000

Appealing Agency
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM)
Project Title Intermediate Shelter Assistance for Earthquake Victims
Project Code IRN-04/S/NF02
Sector Shelter and Non-food items
Objectives To contribute to the overall national effort for reconstruction and revitalization of the economy of Bam by improving the living conditions of 3,000 families during the critical transition period from relief to recovery through the provision of interim/semi-permanent shelters, the transfer of technology and capacity building of local partners.
Targeted Beneficiaries 3,000 displaced families
Implementing Partners Kerman Provincial Authorities, Iran Red Crescent Society (IRCS), BAFIA, UNDP, local NGOs and bilateral donors
Project Duration 2 months March - April 2004 (Phase 1)
Total Project Budget US$ 700,000 Phase 1 (USD 1,156,000 - Phase 2)
Funds Requested US$ 700,000 Phase 1 (USD 1,156,000 - Phase 2)

Summary

The Project aims:

  • To provide interim / semi-permanent shelter for 3,000 earthquake-affected families.
  • To reach out with assistance for the most vulnerable groups among the affected communities, such as women-headed families.
  • To develop a local team of at least 100 to 200 skilled technicians for the construction of these shelters.
  • To build up the capacity of IRCS and local NGOs in the construction of intermediary shelters for communities affected by similar natural disasters.

Expected Results
  • 3,000 intermediary shelters are constructed and handed over to the vulnerable households from the earthquake-affected communities in Bam and surrounding villages.
  • 100 to 200 locals are trained on the techniques of constructing intermediary shelters.
  • IRCS is trained and equipped with skills and capacity in the construction of low-cost earthquake-resistant shelters.
  • A documentary video film is prepared and is made available for dissemination to relevant audiences on skills and techniques of construction of intermediate shelters.
FINANCIAL SUMMARY
Budget Items (Phase 1)

Details
Rate(USD)
Unit (s)
Cost (USD)
Shelter construction
500,000
1. Preparation of shelter design


12,500
2. Material, transport & labour


470,000
3. NGO sub-contracting


17,500
Training for Technicians
45,000
1. Trainers


30,000
2. Stipend for trainees


9,000
3. Toolkits


3,000
4. Master Trainer


3,000
Capacity Building
10,000
Documentation
10,000
Staff and Office Costs
69,000
1. Staff cost (int. & local)


45,000
2. Mission/project admin. Cost


15,000
3. Travel & Transport


9,000
Contingency
57,720
IOM Overhead (12%)
8,280
TOTAL
700,000

Appealing Agency
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP)
Project Title UNHAS Air Transportation Services
Project Code IRN-04/CSS03
Theme Logistics
Objective To provide regular and safe air transportation services (Tehran-Bam-Tehran) to humanitarian workers and partners.
Targeted Beneficiaries UNHAS will operate an 18-seater aircraft to provide air transportation services to UN humanitarian and other partners (NGOs, embassy personnel, IRCS, etc.) travelling between Tehran and Bam for the purpose of the international response to Bam.
Implementing Partner UNHAS
Project Duration January - April 2004
Total Project Budget US$ 323,000
Funds Requested US$ 323,000

Summary

In the absence of regular/direct commercial airline transportation facility between Tehran and Bam (such flights were discontinued as of 25 December 2004), unanimous recommendation was made by UNDMT agencies in Tehran to rely on the services of an UNHAS aircraft to operate between Tehran and Bam to facilitate the movements of UN personnel and other partners such as NGOs, embassy personnel and national counterparts involved in the international response operation to Bam.

Since January 2004, the flights had reached an average occupancy rate of 90 per cent with approx. 14 round trips per month. These have proved extremely useful and time saving (the alternative being a time-consuming and relatively hazardous road transit through Kerman) in facilitating the movements of UN personnel on mission and/or rotating between the capital and the disaster area (including for rest and recuperation of staff, medical evacuations), as well as visiting UN delegations from abroad. Moreover, several embassy personnel and partner organizations (national/international NGOs) have relied on these services since the inception of the operation to the entire satisfaction of its users. Activities include

14 round trips per month, with a seat availability of 18 passengers per flight.

Regular (monthly) review on the cost effectiveness and added value of UNHAS air transportation arrangements against alternative commercial air transportation services will be made to determine the need for continuing such facility.

The Office of the United Nations Resident Coordinator within UNDP will serve as a channel for the funds for the UNHAS operations.


FINANCIAL SUMMARY

Budget Items
US$
Minimum basic costs
204,300
Fuel
27,700
Ticketing & reservations
4,700
Passenger airport bus services
3,200
Ground handling services
5,700
Transportation services crew
1,600
DSA for crews
26,300
Catering for crews
20,300
Contingency
29,200
TOTAL
323,000

Cost per round trip is US$ 6,500 to 7,200 depending on months.

Appealing Agency OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS (OCHA)
Project Title Coordination Support
Sector Coordination, Telecommunications, Information, Monitoring and Evaluation
Project Code IRN-04/CSS02
Activities Establishment of an OCHA coordination support presence in the RC office in Tehran with liaison officers in Bam to follow-up on the implementation of the UN Flash Appeal; to support the UN Resident Coordinator and UNDMT in coordination, monitoring, reporting and evaluation of the international emergency relief assistance; to ensure a smooth transition from emergency relief to rehabilitation; to provide coordination assistance for disaster prevention and mitigation seminars and to collect lessons learned and best practices.
Objective To support Govt. authorities, Office of the Resident Coordinator, the UNDMT, NGOs, donors and diplomatic community in the coordination of their response to the earthquake disaster in Bam
Targeted Beneficiaries Populations affected by the earthquake
Implementing partners UNDMT, NGOs, relief organisations, Government Authorities and IRCS
Project Duration 3 months
Funds Requested US$ 340,580

Summary

OCHA will support the UN Resident Coordinator, the Iranian Government, donor community, IRCS/IFRC and NGOs to exchange information on the progress of the relief and rehabilitation activities. OCHA will assist in mobilising financial resources for the relief and initial rehabilitation activities and also in tracking contributions and ensuring full-scale dissemination of information.

OCHA will also support the UNRC/UNDP and UNDMT in Tehran in their activities related to contingency planning, disaster prevention and mitigation activities, and in assessing lessons learned. Particular attention should be paid to ensure proper public awareness and public participation at all levels. Appropriate training may be considered to strengthen the Government's capacity to react in events of natural disasters. OCHA will thus assist the Resident Coordinator's Office, in collaboration with the Government, to organise disaster prevention and mitigation seminars or workshops in order to facilitate the exchange of information on best practices.

OCHA will facilitate and support a workshop on lessons learnt from the national and international response to the Bam earthquake, planned in Tehran in mid-April 2004, in cooperation with the Iranian authorities.

OCHA will also arrange for, and coordinate the fielding of, regular monitoring and field assessment missions, as well as a final evaluation mission


FINANCIAL SUMMARY
Budget Items
US$
Humanitarian Affairs Officer - Tehran
36,000
1 OCHA Liaison Officer - Bam
29,000
2 Temporary support staff
10,800
Technical staff /interpreter /camp maintenance (Bam)
1,500
Rental of premises (Tehran)
2,900
General maintenance of equipment, spare parts and fuel
17,000
Transport costs (taxi drivers -Tehran/Bam)
2,000
Printing
1,800
Office supplies and equipment
59,000
International travel
50,000
In-country travel
1,200
Communications and communications equipment
21,000
Facilitation & Support to a workshop on lessons learnt from the national and international responseto the Bam earthquake
70,000
Project support costs 13%
39,180
TOTAL
340,580

Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
E-mail: ochagva@un.org

In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

Desk Officers: Ms. Heidi Kuttab Direct Tel. +41-22-917 31 94

Press contact:
(GVA) Ms. Elizabeth Brys direct Tel. +41-22-917 2653
(N.Y.) Ms. Stephanie Bunker direct Tel. +1-917-367 5126

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.