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Iran Drought: Support to Afghan refugees Appeal No. 19/02 Final Report

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.

In Brief

Period covered: 15 July 2002 to 31 March 2005;

Appeal coverage: 93.8 %; (Please click here to go directly to the Contributions List)

Appeal history:

A first Appeal (21/2000) was launched on 22 August 2000 for CHF 2,268,146 for 12 months for 100,000 beneficiaries. The final report was issued on 31 December 2002.

A second - related but separate Appeal (19/2002) - was launched on 15 July 2002 for CHF 899,000 for initially 12 months (later extended) to assist 65,000 beneficiaries.

A revised Plan of Action was presented in August 2004 to continue the programme until March 2005, supporting 45,335 beneficiaries.

A new revised Appeal budget from July 2002 to March 2005 is CHF 2,249,198.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: N/A

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals:

Iran Drought: Support to Afghan Refugees Emergency Appeal. For details, please see the whole document at

Iran Drought: Support to Afghan Refugees Revised Plan of Action. For details, please see the whole document at


The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (the Federation) issued the Appeal no. 19/02 on 15 July 2002 to continue supporting the drought-affected Afghan refugees and vulnerable Iranian people in Sistan-Baluchestan Province, Iran. The Federation and the Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) implemented the programme in two phases. The first phase is from July 2002 to July 2004 and the second phase is from August 2004 to March 2005.

In the first phase, a total of 65,000 beneficiaries were supported in the fields of water supply, solid waste collection and health and care in accordance with the objectives of the Appeal. Clean drinking water was distributed to the beneficiaries in Zahedan and Zabul to meet their basic water needs. Solid waste collection in settlement areas, especially around water distribution points, guaranteed the safety of water delivered. Health education and distribution of hygiene supplies introduced the means to encourage healthy living and raised the public awareness of personal hygiene.

In May 2004, the Federation commissioned an evaluation of the programme to address such issues as sustainability of the project, beneficiaries' dependence on external support in meeting their basic needs and IRCS' capacity to work with beneficiary communities. The evaluation was conducted by external consultants and experts from the Federation and IRCS. Having examined various options, the evaluation team suggested an integrated exit strategy, which would allow the Federation and IRCS to continue meeting the urgent needs of beneficiaries in a fixed period while ensuring a smooth phase out of the project by providing them with a more sustainable water solution and an opportunity for their capacity building.

Based on the recommendations of the evaluation team, the Federation revised the Plan of Action in August 2004 and extended the operational period till March 2005. In accordance with the revised Plan of Action and to provide more sustainable solutions to the problems faced by Afghan refugees, the Federation and IRCS built 4 public water distribution stations for regular, uninterrupted water supply to the beneficiaries. Besides, 20 traditional birth attendants and 60 community health workers were trained and public health education was conducted among Afghan refugees to increase their awareness of health-related issues.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Seyed Hadi Samaei, Director General of International Affairs Department, Iranian Red Crescent Society, Tehran; email:; mobile: 98. 912 384 7050; tel: 98.21.8662619/8662618; fax: 98 .21.8662652

Mohammed Mukheir, Head of Delegation, Tehran; email: ; mobile: 98 .912 314 4250; tel: 98.21.8890567/8911 271; fax: 98.21.889 5346

Evgeni Parfenov, Regional Desk Officer, Geneva; email:; phone: 41.22.730 4325; fax: 41.22.733 0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. The procurement for this operation was carried out in full compliance and conformity with the Federation's standard for international and local procurement. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at

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