Iran

Iran: Bam earthquake Revised Appeal No. 25/03 Operations Update No. 21

Attachments


(FOCUS ON REHABILITATION: MARCH-JUNE 2005)


The Federation’s mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world’s largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.

In Brief

Appeal No. 25/03; Operations Update No.21; Period covered: 1 March-30 June 2005; Appeal Coverage: 89.7 %

Appeal history:

- Revised Appeal launched on 8 January 2004 for CHF 51,913,000 (USD 44,068,425 or EUR 33,445,680) to assist 210,000 beneficiaries for 6 - 8 months.

- Revised Plan of Action presented on 29 September 2004, to reflect on-going programming into 2005, under the overall Emergency Appeal. A revised appeal budget for the period December 2003 to end December 2005 reflects the revised Plan of Action, and totalling to CHF 53,288,000 (USD 45,231,315 or EUR 34,324,335).

- Final Report for the Emergency Operation Phase of the Bam Appeal, covering the period from 26 December 2003 to 31 August 2004, presented on 8 December 2004 in Operations Update No.19.

Outstanding needs (revised according to plan): CHF 5,488,664

The Federation Secretariat is not looking for any new cash contributions. All projects, planned to be implemented through multilateral support and included in the revised plan of action, received sufficient support. The balance required represent the budgetary needs for the projects which a) have been planned to be implemented through bilateral cooperation or b) have been already implemented but not formally reported yet to the Federation Secretariat.

Operational Summary:

In March-June 2005, the International Federation and the Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) have continued working on the implementation of the longer-term rehabilitation and reconstruction plan as well as for further enhancing the management capacity of the IRCS.

Practical methods and modalities of cooperation between the International Federation, IRCS and the Iranian authorities have been formalised through signing a series of agreements.

The International Federation has mobilised the resources required to build ten schools (including three primary, two high, three special schools for disabled children and the Arg-e-Bam Model School Complex), one Urban Health Centre/Clinic and one Road and Rescue Base. Sufficient resources have been also allocated to support other assistance programmes, including those in the areas of health, disaster management training, and developing methods of increasing efficiency of the IRCS management practices.

General contractors for the construction of five standard schools, the Urban Health Centre and Road Rescue Base have been identified and contracted. Preparatory work for a new tender is under way to announce call for tender for the Arg-e-Bam Model School Complex and three special schools for disabled children early in July.

The IRCS field hospital that had been bridging gaps in health services in Bam was closed down in early April and its medical equipment and containers were transported and stored in IRCS warehouses in Tehran for use in future operations.

The replenishment of IRCS disaster preparedness stocks following Bam earthquake has been generally completed and a new similar project, following the earthquake in Zarand, has been in progress. Disaster management training workshops are conducted according to the plan of action agreed upon. Training on PSP and HIV/AIDS has been integrated into DM training programme.

Background

On the morning of 26th December 2003, at 05:28 (local time), a major earthquake measuring 6.51 on the Richter scale struck the city of Bam, Kerman Province, south-eastern Iran. According to seismologists, the earthquake is one of the shallowest recorded, with a focal depth of only 10-12 kilometres and the epicentre directly underneath Bam city. Bam is located on a main earthquake fault line. In Iran, which is ranked as the fourth most disaster prone country in the world, this was the worst earthquake to hit the country in more than a decade. According to the latest estimates, more than 26,000 people were killed, approximately 30,000 injured (of which some 10,000 were evacuated out of the area):

In Bam, more than 85 percent of the buildings were completely destroyed. Although most of the casualties occurred in Bam itself, the impact on surrounding rural areas was also severe. As a result of the earthquake the electricity, water supply, and most public health and education services were completely disrupted. Bam, 2500 year-old historic city with an internationally renowned heritage site, was almost completely destroyed.


Table 1: Key figures concerning the impact of the earthquake.
Description of the impact
Number
People killed 29,878
People injured 22,628
Houses destroyed beyond repair in Bam City and surrounding villages 25,000 (out of 29,500)
People affected (by loss of economic activity and damage to property and infrastructure) 200,000
Inhabitants in the most affected area
- Bam 90,000
- Baravat 15,000
- Surrounding villages 10,000
Homeless people (March, 2004) 45,000 (In addition, 20,000 stayed with extended family and 10,000 more were hospitalized)
Number of schools destroyed or unusable
- Bam City 93
- Surrounding villages 38


* Reports from the Ministry of Education indicate that all 131 schools in Bam and the surrounding villages, with a combined capacity of 32,843 students, were either destroyed or rendered unusable. While 64 schools survived the impact of the earthquake, but none of these schools were usable.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Seyed Hadi Samaei, Director General of International Affairs Department, Iranian Red Crescent Society, Tehran; email: intdep@rcs.ir; mobile: 98. 912 384 7050; tel: 98.21.8662618/8662619; fax: 98.21.8662652

Mohammed Mukhier, Head of Delegation, Tehran; email: ifrcir05@ifrc.org; mobile: 98.912 314 4250; tel: 98.21.8890 567/8911 271; fax: 98.21.889 5346

Evgeni Parfenov, Regional Desk Officer, Geneva; email: evgeni.parfenov@ifrc.org; tel: 41.22.730 4325; fax: 41.22.733 0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation’s website at http://www.ifrc.org

The IRCS maintains a website (www.rcs.ir) both in English and Farsi which also provides the latest information, operational updates, reports, interviews and news on the Bam operation to the public.

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