Iran

Iran: Bam earthquake Revised Appeal No. 25/03 Operations Update No. 20

Attachments


FOCUS ON REHABILITATION

DECEMBER 2004 - FEBRUARY 2005


The Federation’s mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world’s largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.

In Brief

Appeal No. 25/03; Operations Update No. 20; Period covered: 1 December 2004 to 28 February 2005; Appeal Coverage: 89.7 % (Please click here to go directly to the Contributions List *)

Appeal history:

  • Revised Appeal launched on 8 January 2004 for CHF 51,913,000 (USD 44,068,425 or EUR 33,445,680) to assist 210,000 beneficiaries for 6 - 8 months

  • Revised Plan of Action presented on 29 September 2004, to reflect on-going programming into 2005, under the overall Emergency Appeal. A revised appeal budget for the period December 2003 to end December 2005 reflects the revised Plan of Action, and totalling to CHF 53,288,000 (USD 45,231,315 or EURO 34,324,335).

  • Final Report for the Emergency Operation Phase of the Bam Appeal, covering the period from 26 December 2003 to 31 August 2004, presented on 8 December 2004 in Operations Update No.19.


Operational Summary

Based on policy agreements made in January-April 2004, the Federation and Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) have been focusing on addressing the needs for longer-term rehabilitation, reconstruction and IRCS capacity building.

The Federation and IRCS have reached an agreement on the implementation modality of the construction projects which are to be completed before the end of 2005. Relevant agreements have been signed between the Federation, IRCS, and two ministries of the Islamic Republic of Iran (namely the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health).

With the support of participating national societies (PNSs), the Federation has mobilised the resources sufficient to build 10 schools (including 5 primary, 3 lower-secondary and 2 high schools), one urban health centre and one road relief rescue base.

The implementation of the rehabilitation programme has begun. An architect/engineering company has been identified and contracted to provide consultant services and technical support for the full length of the operation. Prequalification, tender process, land allocation and setting cooperation mechanisms are in progress.

The IRCS field hospital that has been bridging gaps in health services in Bam is preparing for a final phase out. It is planned to terminate the hospital activities by the end of March 2005, in accordance with the decision jointly taken by IRCS, World Health Organisation (WHO), Ministry of Health (MoH) and Federation.

The replenishment of the IRCS disaster preparedness stock is in progress. All replenishment activities are expected to be concluded by the end of March. Disaster management training workshops are conducted according to the plan of action agreed upon.

Background

On the morning of 26 December 2003 at 05:28 (local time), a major earthquake measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale struck the city of Bam, Kerman Province, south-eastern Iran. According to the latest estimates regarding the worst earthquake to hit the country in more than a decade, more than 26,000 people were killed, approximately 30,000 injured (of which some 10,000 were evacuated out of the area).

Although the impact of the earthquake was limited to a relatively small area of about 16 km in radius, in Bam city more than 85 percent of the buildings were completely destroyed. The impact on the surrounding rural areas was also severe. The 2,500 year-old historic city of Bam, an internationally renowned heritage site in the centre of Bam, was almost completely destroyed.

Impact
Number
People killed 26,000
People injured 22,628
Houses destroyed beyond repair
(Bam City and surrounding villages)
25,000 (out of 29,500)
People affected (by loss of economic activity
and damage to property and infrastructure)
200,000
Inhabitants in the most affected areas:
Bam town 90,000
Baravat 15,000
Surrounding villages 10,000
Homeless people (March, 2004) 45,000 people; in addition, 20,000 stayed with extended family and 10,000 more were hospitalized
Number of schools destroyed or unusable:
Bam City 93
Surrounding villages 38

Reports from the Ministry of Education indicate that all 131 schools in Bam and the surrounding villages, with a combined capacity of 32,843 students, were either destroyed or rendered unusable. While 64 schools survived the impact of the earthquake, none of these schools were usable.

Virtually, all major public buildings, including the district governor’s office were partially or completely damaged and tents had to be set up to conduct public affairs. A substantial number of local civil servants from professional and managerial cadres also died, thus making it a human resource tragedy for the local, district and provincial government. Local health facilities were rendered almost completely unusable with irreparable damage to buildings.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Dr. Seyed Hadi Samaei, Director General of International Affairs Department, Iranian Red Crescent Society, Tehran; email: intdep@rcs.ir; mobile: 98. 21 884 9077/8808155; fax: 98 .21.884 9079

Mohammed Mukheir, Head of Delegation, Tehran; email: ifrcir05@ifrc.org ; mobile: 98 .912 314 4250; tel: 98.21.8890567/8911 271; fax: 98.21.889 5346

Evgeni Parfenov, Regional Desk Officer, Geneva; email: evgeni.parfenov@ifrc.org; phone: 41.22.730 4325; fax: 41.22.733 0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation’s website at http://www.ifrc.org.

The Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) maintains a website at http://www.rcs.ir both in English and Farsi which also provides the latest information, operational updates, reports, interviews and news on the Bam operation to the public.

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