This report includes: A) Sudan B) Indonesia C) Afghanistan D) Iraq E) East and Central Africa: Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo.
From Manuel Aranda da Silva, Chief, Technical Support Service. Available by electronic mail from Deborah.Hicks@wfp.org (fax 39 6 6513 2837). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Francesco.Strippoli@wfp.org or Aleesa.Blum@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 6 6513 2504 or 6513 2004. New address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, Rome 00148.
PART I - HIGHLIGHTS
1. New WFP emergency operation
a) WFP appeals for USD 88 million for an emergency feeding operation in Indonesia to assist 4.6 million people most affected by drought. Under EMOP 6006, WFP seeks to provide 225,000 tons of rice and 17,000 tons of blended food over a thirteen month period starting May 1998.
b) El Nino-induced drought coincided with economic crisis affecting Indonesia's ability to import food. Total rice import requirements estimated by FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply mission at 3.5 million tons during current marketing year; international assistance required for 2 million tons of this total in the form of rice loans, grants, concessionary imports and targeted food aid.
PART II - DETAILS
1. NEW WFP EMERGENCY OPERATION
1.1 WFP on 23 April appealed for USD 88 million to begin an emergency feeding operation in Indonesia to assist those affected by drought. WFP seeks to provide 225,000 tons of rice and 17,000 tons of blended food over a thirteen month period starting May 1998.
1.2 Beginning in early 1997, the strongest El Nino phenomenon in fifty years resulted in serious drought in many parts of Indonesia. Concurrently, Indonesia was caught up in an economic crisis that is continuing to affect its ability to import food.
1.3 A FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment mission visited the country in March, and estimated that Indonesia's rice import requirements are 3.5 million tons during the current marketing year, which ends 31 March 1999. Of this, international assistance will be required for 2 million tons in the form of rice loans, grants, concessionary imports and targeted food aid. Indonesia also has an import requirement of 4 million tons of wheat which will impose a further strain on the government's already strained import capacity.
1.4 The mission estimated that, during the upcoming dry season (starting in May) and through the next major harvest in March/April 1999, some 7.5 million people in 53 districts of 15 provinces are likely to experience severe household food insecurity as a result of the 1997 drought and the deterioration of the economy.
1.5 Out of the total affected, WFP plans to provide assistance to the most vulnerable segments of the population, to up to 4.6 million people. WFP activities will fall into three main categories:
a) Nutritional support to pregnant women and nursing mothers and children under five in selected areas of the country which have been particularly affected by drought. Distribution of blended foods is to be effected through village health centres. WFP will cooperate and support UNICEF initiatives in this sector.
b) Labour intensive community food-for-work development activities, in cooperation with line ministries or directly with local governments or non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and with input from UN Agencies, to include such things as rural road rehabilitation, fire hazard awareness and prevention, rehabilitation of irrigation schemes and the renovation of community infrastructure such as water wells and artificial ponds.
c) Limited free food distribution, to be effected through the Ministry of Social Welfare (Depsos). This assistance will be highly targeted within severely drought-affected districts to the worst-off families.
1.6 Under the WFP emergency operation (EMOP 6006), implementing partners will be from government ministries, local government, and NGOs who have ongoing activities in the most drought-affected areas of the country.