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UNTAET Humanitarian Pillar Situation Report 29 Feb to 01 Mar 2000

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Health: East Timor's first nation-wide immunisation campaign since the 30 August 1999 ballot, was launched on 1 March by UNICEF and its partner organisations. Although medical NGOs, supported by UNICEF, have inoculated 50,000 children against measles, the launch of this programme re-establishes the routine immunisation programme. Through this immunisation campaign, some 20,000 children will be protected against measles, tuberculosis, polio, tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis and will be available through the NGO-run clinics. In preparation for the campaign, UNICEF has put in place cold chain facilities (refrigerators and freezers which run on kerosene, as well as cold-boxes, vaccine carriers and ice packs), disposable syringes and vaccines in each of the 13 Districts. In addition,UNICEF will send teams of trained vaccinators to all Districts to distribute vaccines and also to ensure that health workers implement the programme through the mobile clinics.
Capacity Building: IOM has launched a programme to encourage 300 qualified East Timorese nationals to return to East Timor. The three-year programme, called Return of Qualified Nationals (RQN) plans to assist 300 skilled East Timorese nationals and their families to return home by matching their skills with job vacancies that cannot be filled locally and by paying their travel costs. The programme targets both the public and private sectors with a view to capacity building through the reintegration of fully equipped professionals into the economy. The programme also includes a self-employment option designed to attract entrepreneurs. Assistance will include organised and paid transport for selected candidates and their families, an installation grant, a salary subsidy and an equipment grant to provide candidates with equipment needed to perform their tasks. Recruitment of candidates will be conducted through IOM's offices in Australia, Portugal, Indonesia, Hong Kong (covering Macau) and later on in Mozambique, the USA and elsewhere.

Education: Viqueque District has thus far received 35 of it's allocated 50 "School in a Box" kits. The remaining 15 kits intended for the District will be delivered from Dili shortly. A total of 16 recreation kits and 12 teacher kits have also been
distributed in the district.

Through January 2000, UNICEF funded and enacted payments of teachers in the Ambeno enclave. However, as of last week, UNTAET supervised the first salary distribution to some 150 teachers.

Returns: On 29 February, an IOM land convoy repatriated some 242 persons from Atambua to Batugade. Despite continued insecurity at the border with West Timor, a record 1,885 refugees crossed spontaneously into the Ambeno enclave on 1 March. In organised movements, 95 persons crossed from West Timor to the Ambeno enclave, 242 persons from Atambua to Batugade, 64 persons from Atambua to Suai and 20 persons from Betun to Ainaro (via Suai) on IOM-chartered trucks. In secondary movements, a total of 289 persons were transported to their final destinations in Ermera (50), Aileu (135), Ainaro (4), Liquica (3), Manatuto (12) and to remote areas in Dili (85). The total number of returnees at the Dili transit centre is now 133. As of 1 March, some 149,055 persons have returned to East Timor from West Timor, other parts of Indonesia and Australia in organized air, land and sea movements.

Shelter: As part of the ongoing UNHCR implemented shelter programme, a barge with 200 MTs and ten MI26 helicopter deliveries totalling 150 MTs of construction materials have now been delivered to Betano for Timor Aid run activities in forty villages in Manufahi District. In addition, 59 truckloads of sand have been delivered to sub-villages for use in burned houses.