A particular concern the review wishes to address is the current demise of non-governmental organisations, without whose active participation and programme implementation the identifiable successes of the humanitarian programme in East Timor would not have been realised. As some NGOs are being obliged to cut back on their activities partially due to lack of funds and voluntary contraction of activities to provide more intensive implementation support, programme momentum risks being reversed.
Returns: The total number of organised and spontaneous returns into East Timor from West Timor, other parts of Indonesia, Macau and Australia now stands at 152,551 persons. On 14 March, a total of 400 persons crossed the border at Salele into Suai on IOM-chartered trucks and 73 persons crossed the border at Batugade from Atambua. Secondary movements were provided by IOM from Dili to Same (eight persons), Ermera (11), Maubisse (13), Manatuto (127) and Oecusse (five by air). On 15 March, a total of 457 persons arrived from Kupang at Dili harbour aboard the IOM-operated ship, the "Patricia Anne Hotung." A meeting between UNHCR, IOM, PKF, Customs, the Office of the SRSG and HAER has been scheduled for 16 March to review the repatriation process at Dili port. Some 138 persons returned on IOM-chartered trucks from Atambua to Batugade. Secondary movements were provided to 369 persons to Aileu and five persons to Atsabe.
Infrastructure: UNTAET has formed two road inspection teams, which patrol the road networks around East Timor. Information gathered on road conditions and damage is collected and presented in map form to the donor community. Peace Keeping Force (PKF) engineers have been updating maps identifying particularly heavy damage in need of immediate emergency repairs. PKF engineers are now based in Dili and Oecusse (Bangladesh) and are responsible for engineering tasks in these areas as well as for reserve tasks in the central and eastern sectors. The PKF engineers from Pakistan are located in Suai and Maliana and are responsible for all engineering tasks in the western sector, particularly for the Batugade-Maliana- Bobonaro-Zumalai-Suai areas. In addition, the Korean battalion in Lospalos (Sector East) completed repairs on four bridges in the direction of Lore village on 14 March. In Sector Central, the Portuguese Battalion continue to repair parts of the road from Aileu to Maubisse with the assistance of 70 East Timorese workers as well as sections of the road from Dili to Manatuto.
Water and Sanitation: A new OXFAM water and sanitation engineer has arrived in the Ambeno enclave. The on-going pipe installation programme is temporarily delayed until the arrival of appropriate piping materials.
Health: the International Medical Corps (IMC) assisted A recent visit by the Interim Health Authority. The NGO is considering broadening its coverage of mobile clinics to reach more outlying areas in the enclave, which are not currently serviced by any form of rural health service structure.