Indonesia has one of the highest numbers of COVID-19 cases in Southeast Asia. Children under 18 years of age make up 13.5 per cent of confirmed cases and 1.2 per cent of deaths.
Following a decline in cases since early 2022, Indonesia has started to see a slight increase, driven by Omicron subvariants.
Building on COVID-19 vaccination efforts, the government of Indonesia launched a National Immunization Month aiming to immunize more than 36 million children against vaccinepreventable diseases.
Following the revision of the school reopening regulation in April 2022, all schools are required to conduct 100 per cent face-to-face learning starting from the new school year in mid-July 2022. Preparation for the national Back to School campaign has commenced, including the preparation of media assets.
Supported by the Government of Japan, facilitating the procurement of 300 vaccine refrigerators to strengthen vaccine delivery capacities across Indonesia.
UNICEF has facilitated the arrival of more than 104 million COVID-19 vaccine doses via the COVAX Facility. UNICEF is supporting the government of Indonesia with vaccine deployment activities at the national level and in all 34 provinces, including targeting priority groups such as teachers and the elderly. The government continues vaccinating children aged 6--17 years. With the start of the booster vaccination programme in late 2021, over 50 million people have received a third dose as of June 2022.
As of June 2022, a total of 6,086,212 COVID-19 cases have been confirmed in Indonesia. Following a surge in cases due to the Omicron variant recorded in January–February 2022, since late February, Indonesia continued to record a decrease in the number of COVID-19 cases across the country due to a variety of public health and epidemiological factors. However, from mid-June, Indonesia has reported a slight increase in the number of COVID-19 cases following the detection of the Omicron subvariants B A.4 and B A.5 in May. As of mid-June, the overall bed occupancy rate remains low across the country at 2.1 per cent.
Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been 100,781,581 tests conducted. Nationally, the test positivity ratio has declined over the reporting period and averaged at 3.6 per cent in the end of June.As of 10 June 2022, all schools were conducting face-to-face learning, with different class capacities in each school. An estimated 94 per cent of schools in 492 districts/cities were conducting 100 per cent face-to-face learning with 100 per cent class capacity. Six per cent of schools in 22 districts/cities in six provinces were operating at 50 per cent class capacity. The 2021/22 school year ended on 2 June 2022. The 2022/23 school year is due to start in mid-July. With support from UNICEF, the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology (MoECRT) continues to improve data exchange and accuracy on teacher vaccination. Teacher vaccination figures have improved significantly over the last 19 months.
As of 10 June 2022, 3.93 million teachers had received a first dose (95 per cent of 3.74 million), 3.56 million had received a second dose (90 per cent of 3.92 million) and 1.5 million had received a third dose (41per cent of 3.92 million).
During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been an uptick in the risk and reported cases of online child sexual exploitation and abuse (OCSEA) and online gender-based violence2 . In April 2022, the government adopted Law No. 12/2022 on Sexual Violence Crime. The law expands the forms of sexual violence to include online sexual violence. The law also adopted a standard for law enforcers and service providers to respect, protect and fulfil the rights of victims and witnesses, including children.
UNICEF has been supporting the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection (MOWECP) and local government partners to identify and provide relevant services to children affected by COVID-19-associated orphanhood. With the improved situation regarding COVID-19 and the subsequent reduction in people affected, hospitalized and deceased, only six additional children were registered in the last three months. In comparison with the end of March 2022, when 35,833 children were registered who had lost at least one caregiver, by 17 June 2022 MOWECP had identified a total of 35,839 children (17,622 girls, 18,217 boys) who had lost at least one caregiver.
COVID-19 has disrupted mothers’ access to essential services such as breastfeeding counselling through hospitals, health centres and home visits, as well as the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative. Misinformation about the safety of breastfeeding during the pandemic has also tended to decrease breastfeeding practices by women who fear it could harm babies.
UNICEF’s latest analysis of WASH in schools data (2022) generated from the Ministry of Education’s information management system shows a significant increase in access to handwashing facilities in schools since the beginning of the COVID pandemic. Of the total number of schools, seven per cent of schools reported availability of at least one handwashing facility, thus providing access to hygiene services for more than 39 million school children. The data shows that access to handwashing facilities has increased by more than 20 per cent in the last two years (six per cent of schools had access in 2020) and that an additional 18 million children gained access to handwashing facilities as a result of accelerated efforts to provide children with a safe learning environment.