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Tsunami 5 year anniversary

News and Press Release
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On the 5th anniversary of the Tsunami, the DEC and ARUP have launched a report on Lessons from Aceh - Key Considerations in Post-Disaster Reconstruction. (see attached pdf)

Tsunami Anniversary Facts and Figures 15.12.09

- The earthquake that caused the tsunami started at 7.59am local time - just before 1.00am in the UK - and lasted nearly 10 minutes.

- It was centred on a sea trench 19 miles under the ocean off the west coast of the northern end of the Indonesian island of Sumatra over an area the length of Italy.

- At 9.2 on the Richter scale it was the biggest quake for forty years and the 2nd largest ever recorded on a seismograph

- The earthquake caused the entire earth to vibrate by up to 1cm, setting off other quakes as far away as Alaska.

- The energy it released was equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima atomic bombs and displaced billions of tonnes of water

- When the wave hit Indonesia it was as tall as a six story building and travelled two miles inland.

- The main aftershock was a huge earthquake in its own right at 7.1 on the Richter scale.

- The tsunami travelled across the Indian Ocean at the speed of a jet aircraft and hit the coast of Somalia seven hours later.

- There were 226,000 people killed in 13 countries. The bodies of 50,000 of the dead were never found.

- There were 1.8m people displaced and 470,000 homes and buildings destroyed.

- The damaged has been estimated at $US10.7 billion

Source: International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent