South Asia: Tsunami fact sheet

Report
from Canadian Red Cross
Published on 24 Mar 2005
The 9.0 earthquake off the western coast of northern Sumatra on December 26, 2004, triggered massive waves or 'tsunamis', inundating coastal areas in countries around the Indian Ocean rim. Sri Lanka, the Indonesian province of Aceh, four states of southern India, the Maldives, Myanmar, and coastal areas of Thailand, Malaysia were the most severely affected.

Latest human toll: The earthquake and tidal waves left more than 250,000 people dead, 1.6 million displaced, and millions without livelihoods in Asia and east Africa.

Contributions by the Canadian Red Cross

The emergency period of assistance for tsunami-affected countries is expected to last until June 2005. However, the Canadian Red Cross is already supporting long-term recovery and rehabilitation programs in the region, which will continue for up to ten years. Dozens of relief workers have also been sent to Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and India to work in the areas of health, nursing, disaster management, and logistics.

In addition, the Canadian Red Cross has contributed financially to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, which is coordinating Red Cross operations throughout the tsunami-affected countries.

Indonesia

The Canadian Red Cross has sent 618,060 kilograms of aid, which in part includes:

- 60,000 infant care kits

- 29,448 thermal blankets and 13,400 bedsheets

- 107,920 water containers and buckets with lids

- 23,640 plastic tarps for shelters and 6,000 tents

- 12,700 rolls of 25 metre rope

- 800 medical treatment kits

A rapid assessment of needs in Indonesia to work with other members of the International Red Cross Movement in Banda Aceh led to plans in the following areas:

- Reconstruction and re-equipping 10 schools and 10 health centres;

- Enhancing disaster preparedness and mitigation measures for vulnerable communities;

- Establishing mobile health clinics in remote areas;

- Supporting people in rebuilding their livelihoods; and

- Training and capacity building for the Indonesian Red Cross Society.

Sri Lanka

The Canadian Red Cross has sent 268,830 kilograms of aid, which includes:

- 50,000 hygiene kits for a family of six

- 37,440 water containers

- 17,713 kitchen sets

- 40,000 rolls of 25 metre rope

- 770,000 water purification sachets, able to treat 15,400,000 litres of water

The Canadian Red Cross plans to rebuild or repair six hospitals that were damaged or destroyed by the tsunami in the districts of Kalutara, Galle, Kilinochchi, and Jaffna. The Canadian Red Cross is training community health workers in psycho-social assistance to provide support to traumatized survivors.

The Canadian Red Cross delegation that arrived in Sri Lanka in February is conducting assessments and designingprograms in the following areas:

- Establishing nation wide Red Cross Health Centres staffed with a health promoter and volunteers to serve vulnerable communities;

- Relief distribution with a focus on hygiene kits to people who remain displaced;

- Enhancing disaster preparedness and mitigation measures;

- Supporting people to rebuild their livelihoods;

- Reconstruction and re-equipping a numberof health centres; and

- Capacity building of the Sri Lanka Red Cross.

India

The Canadian Red Cross has been supporting45 nursery schoolsand one vocational centre in the southern state of Tamil Nadu for the last threeyears with funding from the Girl Guides of Canada. The program consists of providing nutritional supplements to the children of the schools and centre in order to increase their daily protein requirements.

Thirteen of these nurseries were in the tsunami-affected areas, so the starting point for our tsunami recoveryand rehabilitation efforts will revolve aroundthe nursery school children and their families.

The Canadian Red Cross will also be providing long term assistance to two villages in the Nagapatnam district to help residents rebuild their lives post-tsunami.

Maldives

The Canadian Red Cross has sent 4,980 kilograms of aid, which in part includes:

- 50,000 water purification sachets

- 5,040 thermal blankets

- 600 flashlights and 1,392 batteries

We are finalizing an agreement with the Government of the Maldives to support work in repairing houses and in helping to rebuild livelihoods.

Myanmar

The Canadian Red Cross has sent 68,430 kilograms of aid, which includes:

- water containers

- 7,440 thermal blankets

- 4,700 plastic tarps for shelters

- 2 Landcruisers

- One diesel generator

The Emergency Operations Support Centre (EOSC)

In addition, the Canadian Red Cross coordinated with Canadian International Development Agency, who funds the EOSC, to deliver nearly 47,000 kilograms of supplies to Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.