The tsunami destroyed thousands of homes across the north-western coastline of Aceh, in northern Sumatra. Many of those who survived the tsunami were given tents; others were housed in temporary barracks built by the government.
Immediately after the tsunami, Islamic Relief distributed 400 family sized tents among survivors. IR is now building permanent and earthquake resistant structures in Aceh, 100 of these have already been completed.
A total 500 permanent homes are planned for the area.
Syia Kuala University
Lectures in the Syia Kuala University in Blang Krueng village came to a standstill after the tsunami destroyed over 500 houses belonging to university staff. Many of the surviving staff members moved into the university's lecture halls and laboratories.
Islamic Relief is building 100 earthquake resistant homes for staff of the university. Construction work is expected to be completed by December 2005.
Public Works Resource Centre
Aceh's public works resource centre which contained by-laws and building codes was destroyed by the tsunami. Without this centre, reconstruction work in the region has been hampered by lack of building codes of practice.
Islamic Relief is rebuilding the resource centre to assist the UN and other international agencies with the reconstruction process in Aceh. Rebuilding the centre will also directly benefit over 10,000 people, including construction workers, brick makers and many others who will provide logistical support during the reconstruction.
It is estimated that around 800,000 people in the most affected regions in Indonesia have lost their sources of income and livelihood.
Islamic Relief is giving out loans and grants to help people set up or re-establish businesses, and has begun vocational training schemes and cash for work programmes.
Staff are also cleaning up and rehabilitating public facilities damaged by debris from the tsunami.
Islamic Relief provided a group of 95 tailors with tools, equipment and material to manufacture school uniforms. The uniforms will be distributed to needy school children in Islamic Relief's education programmes.
Fishing Boat Grants
Two fishing boats have been provided for fishermen in the village of Lambada Lhok and the island of Bunta.
In both of these locations, the boats are managed by the village, half of the income from fishing is taken by the fishermen, and the other half is pooled into a village fund. The money in the fund is available for all villagers to use.
In Bunta Island, Islamic Relief also built a landing-pier and provided for the basic needs of the community.
Islamic Relief teamed up with the Banda Aceh Rickshaw Association to help its members that lost their rickshaws in the tsunami.
IR purchased 50 new Honda motorcycle rickshaws and sold them at 50% of cost price to the association as part of a micro-credit programme.
In partnership with a government vocational training centre and the UN's International Labour Organisation (ILO), Islamic Relief has funded carpentry training for 42 people in Banda Aceh.
The tsunami destroyed more than 1,500 schools in Aceh, and left 1,000 primary schools heavily damaged. The catastrophic damage to education in the region is compounded by the fact that more than 2,500 teachers lost their lives in the disaster.
In January 2005, Islamic Relief began work to provide basic education for primary school children in the aftermath of the tsunami.
Rebuilding and Rehabilitating Schools in Aceh
Islamic Relief has also begun rebuilding schools in the region and construction work is underway in three schools in Aceh. A total of 10 schools will be rebuilt, while another 10 schools will be rehabilitated.
Back to School
Islamic Relief staff are distributing school uniforms to over 1,000 pupils in schools across Banda Aceh. The uniforms were made by tailors as part of Islamic Relief's livelihood project.
Around 10,000 school bags will also be distributed to pupils in the region.
A cargo load of school furniture from Islamic Relief's France office is being prepared for distribution.
In Aceh, healthcare provision was already poor before the tsunami. The effect of the tsunami on costal regions was to completely destroy the existing health system.
Islamic Relief has distributed medicines, rehabilitated a hospital, built health clinics and runs mobile health clinics. Around 26,000 people have benefited from IR's health projects.
Hospitals, Clinics and Health Centres
Islamic relief rehabilitated the Permata Hati Hospital in Banda Aceh, including its maternal health department, paediatrics wards and laboratories.
IR has completely rebuilt four clinics in Aceh which are now serving the community. Another four Mother and Child clinics are being rebuilt in Aceh, as well as a community health centre.
In Lampisang, Islamic Relief is building a health centre which will include a mother and child centre that will provide prenatal and postnatal care.
Islamic Relief operated mobile clinics in March and April. IR paid for medical staff and the operational costs of ambulance services. The clinics served 5,000 people in Aceh.
Three ambulances have been purchased and donated them to District Health Offices in Aceh, two more ambulances will be purchased for Meulabih and Pidie
Over 15,000 packs of formula milk were distributed to families in camps in Aceh and the island of Nias which suffered a major earthquake on 28th March 2005.
Distribution of Medical Supplies
IR teamed up with the Church of Latter Day Saints to distribute 40,000 pounds of medical supplies, 20,000 first aid supplies and 28,000 hygiene kits.
Over 75,000 children were orphaned by the tsunami, most now live in tents or in crammed barracks.
Islamic Relief set up an orphan welfare programme in March, 2005. So far, Islamic Relief donors have sponsored 288 orphans on a one-to-one basis, while hundreds of other orphans have benefited from IR's orphan support services.
It is hard to imagine the trauma experienced by a child who survived one the world's worst catastrophes, only to find that his or her parents died. Signs of trauma, such as being unable to speak, are commonplace among children who survived the disaster.
Islamic Relief set up art therapy classes which allowed children to express themselves through the medium of art, and the orphans' paintings were put on display in Aceh's museum.
Water and Sanitation
Clean drinking water is difficult to come by in the barracks and crammed tent camps of Aceh that have become home to thousands of tsunami survivors.
In partnership with PLAN International, Islamic Relief began trucking water into settlements in January 2005. Five trucks deliver water to 39 camps in Aceh every day.
In eight barracks, IR has installed a piping system that feeds water to almost 4,000 people.
The tsunami left most wells in the affected area polluted with salt water, so Islamic Relief has began drilling deep wells. One well has been completed in Lamujong, and another is being bored in Lambaro Angan.
Islamic Relief has also installed latrines in 20 locations in Banda Aceh, and hygiene training sessions have been organised in the camps. Another hygiene campaign is currently taking place across 10 barracks housing displaced people.