Institutionalizing Post-Disaster Recovery: Learning from Mentawai Tsunami and Merapi Eruption - Recovery Framework Case Study

Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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This report describes the current status of the Recovery Framework in Indonesia along with the lessons learned from the country’s most recent experiences in post-disaster recovery. It is one of the thematic case studies commissioned for the purpose of contributing toward the development of an international Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF) Guide as recommended by the World Reconstruction Conference in 2011. The idea being that such a Guide would be of assistance to governments, policymakers and agencies in formulating and implementing effective post-disaster recovery programmes and strategies by building on a thorough Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA).

Selection of the case study

The specific case studies chosen for this report include the recovery efforts carried out in the wake of the October 2010 Mentawai earthquake and tsunami as well as the Mount Merapi eruption. These were two of the major disasters faced by Indonesia in the past three or four years:

• that tested the new post-disaster Recovery Framework that had been put in place, with BNPB conducting PDNA and preparing Action Plans for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction (Renaksi) as the framework for post-disaster recovery process in the affected areas following the two disasters;

• the time-frame of three years (2010-2013) accorded to the recovery efforts was a sufficiently long period to capture good practices and lessons learned from the implementation of the recovery process in Mentawai as well as Yogyakarta and Central Java; and

• the writer’s own involvement in the planning process of the recovery operation in both the affected areas afforded an opportunity for several insights apart from good practices.