Indonesia

Indonesia Yogyakarta Earthquake: Appeal no. MDRID001, Operations Update no. 17

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In Brief

Operations Update no. 17; Period covered: 1 March to 1 May 2007; Appeal target: CHF 38 million (USD 31 million or EUR 24 million); Appeal coverage: 94.9 %; Outstanding needs: CHF 2 million (USD 1.64 million or EUR 1.2 million);

Appeal history:

Preliminary appeal launched on 27 May 2006 for CHF 12.8 million (USD 10.4 million or EUR 8.2 million) for 8 months to assist 200,000 beneficiaries.

Revised appeal launched on 6 June for CHF 38 million to assist 325,000 beneficiaries for 12 months.

Operational Summary: Over 119,000 affected families were provided with relief packages including tents and tarpaulins by the Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) and Federation within the first three months of the operation. Nearly 3,000 were provided with water and sanitation services, over 23,000 treated by PMI-Federation medical services while over 12,000 bamboo houses were constructed within eight months to meet the needs of the most vulnerable. The effectiveness of working with community cash transfers will now continue as an integrated community- based risk reduction pilot project, named COBA, in six villages

Objectives of the original appeal have been revised in this operational update to reflect the changing nature of the operation as well as the PMI and community requirements for a longer- term approach to the remaining interventions. The appeal is now extended to 31 December. The total appeal amount remains as it is but components of the budget will be revised to correspond to these revised objectives and will be available in the next operational update at the end of June.

Background

An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.3 on the Richter scale struck near the city of Yogyakarta in central Java at 05:54 hrs local time on 27 May 2006 causing extreme and widespread destruction. There was considerable loss of lives and injuries with villages in remoter areas south of Yogyakarta, as well as in and around Bantul being the most affected. The official figures remain at 5,749 people killed, over 38,000 injured and more than 127,000 houses completely destroyed, with over 450,000 additional houses damaged by the earthquake. It is estimated that 1,173,742 people were made homeless. The earthquake epicentre was located some 20 km southeast of Yogyakarta at a depth of 10 km. Tremors were felt across the region, as far away as Semarang and Surabaya on the opposite coast of Java.

Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) and Federation relief activities in the first three months saw relief packages, tents and tarpaulins distributed to 119,000 affected families, 2,800 provided with water and sanitation services (up to November 2006) and over 23,000 people treated by PMI-Federation medical services. Partner national societies were active contributors to the relief effort, with the Netherlands, Spanish, Japanese and German Red Cross maintaining a longer- term presence in Yogyakarta.

To date, the regional logistics unit (RLU) based in Kuala Lumpur has been providing logistic support to the Yogjakarta operations by coordinating and mobilizing specific relief items to the value of CHF 12 million (click here to link to the mobilization table on DMIS). Procurement of goods and transport services worth CHF 1.2 million was also provided on a regular basis.

In the early days of the operation, a needs assessment with communities was carried out concurrently to the relief operation to determine the starting point for their earliest recovery. The results of the assessment identified shelter as their most urgent need. Framed by the overall goal of community empowerment and the government's request to work with local community systems of mutual support (gotong royong), the PMI and Federation together developed a community cash-based shelter programme forming the basis of the early recovery approach. The other significant activities that have been ongoing since the relief operation are the psychosocial support and rehabilitation programmes as well as water and sanitation projects such as clean water supply, provision of latrines and cleaning and deepening of wells.

Operational developments

Over 12,000 bamboo houses have been constructed to meet the needs of the most vulnerable in only eight months. This has been the largest contribution of any organization working in transitional shelters in earthquake-affected areas, and has clearly demonstrated the effectiveness of working with community cash transfers. While there have been challenges in the delivery of this programme, the methodology has proved rigorous enough to continue as an integrated community- based risk reduction pilot project in six villages (one village per affected district).

As the activities in the transitional shelter programme are winding down, the focus of attention is shifting to the more longer-term recovery needs of the communities affected by the earthquake. Following a thorough consultation process, the delegation has agreed with the PMI to embark on a pilot project named COBA - community organized and based activities - using the recovery methodology of the transitional shelter programme to strengthen community focussed disaster risk reduction activities.

Objectives of the original appeal have been revised in this operational update to reflect this changing nature of the operation as well as the PMI and community requirements for a longer-term approach to the remaining interventions. The appeal time is now extended to 31 December as this will permit the COBA pilot project to be implemented and its methodology to be reviewed, the rehabilitation programme to meet recommendations outlined in a recent review and allow organizational development initiatives to consolidate. This extension to the appeal timeframe further permits exit planning and integration of longer- term activities into the PMI's country strategy. The emergency relief objectives are now removed as they are no longer relevant to the operation.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Indonesian Red Cross (PMI): Mr. Arifin M. Hadi (acting head of disaster management division); mobile: +62.811.943.952; telephone: +62.21.799.2325 ext. 222; email: arifinmhd@telkom.net

Federation country delegation in Indonesia: Bob McKerrow (head of delegation); email: bob.mckerrow@ifrc.org; mobile: +62.811.824.859; fax: +62.21.7918.0905, Oeystein Larsen (head of sub-delegation, Yogyakarta); email: oeystein.larsen@ifrc.org; mobile:+62 811 1490 707

Federation Southeast Asia regional delegation in Thailand: Bekele Geleta (head of regional delegation); email: bekele.geleta@ifrc.org; phone: +66.2.661.8201 ext 100; or Michael Annear (head of regional disaster management unit); email: michael.annear@ifrc.org; phone: +66.2.661.8201

Federation secretariat in Geneva (Asia Pacific department): Josse Gillijns (regional officer); email: josse.gillijns@ifrc.org; phone: +44.22.730.4224, fax: +41.22 733.0395 or Priya Nair; email: priya.nair@ifrc.org phone: + 44-22.730.4296.